Monday, February 28, 2011

UNSC Resolution on Libya Sends a Message to Other Regimes

By LALIT K JHA Monday, February 28, 2011

WASHINGTON—The unprecedented unity shown by the powerful 15-member United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in passing a strong resolution against Libyan leader Muammar Al-Gaddafi, including a travel ban and asset freeze, also sends a tough warning to other hardline regimes, including Burma's military junta.

The resolution, passed unanimously late Saturday night after hours of debate, sends a strong message that the international community will no longer tolerate regimes across the globe that kill their own citizens or commit gross human rights violations to hold onto power.

“It is obvious that this referral is going well beyond Libya,” France's ambassador to the UN, Gerard Araud, told reporters Saturday night following a decision by the UNSC to refer Gaddafi and his cronies to the International Criminal Court (ICC) for alleged crimes against humanity.

Despite their initial reservations on this issue, China and India both finally agreed to go along with the rest of the Security Council in passing the resolution. This is particularly notable in the case of China, which in the past has used its veto power to block moves by Western countries led by France to invoke the “responsibility to protect” principle in the case of Burma.

This will make it more difficult in the future for China to block strong international action against the Burmese regime, as it did following the bloody crackdown on monk-led protests in September 2007 and in the aftermath of Cyclone Nargis in May 2008, when the junta was accused of dragging its heels in response to the disaster, resulting in thousands of deaths.

The decision to condemn Gaddafi—and the newfound willingness of China and others to recognize the need to take strong action against oppressive regimes—was immediately applauded in Washington.

“The Security Council resolution, which was passed in record time and included countries that are often reluctant to empower the international community to take such actions, sends a strong, unmistakable signal,” US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told reporters traveling with her on her way to Geneva to attend the meeting of the UN Human Rights Council.

Araud, the French ambassador, went even further in describing the move as a significant break from the past, calling the ICC referral “a warning to all the leaders who could be tempted to use repression against this wind of change, this wind of liberty. We feel it, we felt it in the Security Council chamber, we feel it in the corridors of this organization.”

“There is an earthquake going on, and it has reached New York. I don’t know if there will be a tomorrow. I do hope there will be a tomorrow. I do hope that responsibility to protect, international justice and sanctions against dictators will have a follow-up and that dictators will listen to what is happening even in the usually prudent Security Council,” the French ambassador said.

It is noteworthy that France had moved to invoke the UN’s responsibility to protect option on Burma in response to both the 2007 Saffron Revolution and Cyclone Nargis, but was both times rebuffed by the Chinese. At the time, French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner suggested that the UN invoke this collective responsibility to protect the people of Burma.

China was not the only country that balked at the idea of invoking the responsibility to protect, or “R2P,” principle in response to the Burmese junta's handling of the Nargis relief effort. Although some experts called on the US and UK to join France in taking drastic action to deal with the disaster in Burma, neither country supported the move at the time.

“The United States and Britain should join with the French government and introduce a resolution in the UN Security Council demanding that the Burmese government accept the offers of international relief supplies and personnel, let them enter the country immediately and without interference, and allow the UN to take charge of the humanitarian mission,” wrote Ivo Daalder, a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, and Paul Stares, the director of the Center for Preventive Action at the Council on Foreign Relations, in The New York Times on May 13, 2008.

The Burmese expatriate community had also urged the UN to invoke the R2P principle to save the lives of people stranded in the Irrawaddy delta after Cyclone Nargis devastated the area.

“Now is the time to act. You have helicopters, ships and supplies ready and waiting. Stop waiting for China or the Burmese regime's approval and send aid now,” wrote Aung Din, the director of the US Campaign for Burma, in a letter addressed to heads of state in the aftermath of Cyclone Nargis.

Sunday, February 27, 2011

Why Did Burma's Leader Appear on TV in Women's Clothes?

By Robert Horn / Bangkok Thursday, Feb. 24, 2011
General Than Shwe, right, greets guests at the 64th anniversary of Union Day Saturday on Feb. 12, 2011, in Naypyitaw, Burma Khin Maung Win / AP

General Than Shwe of Burma, the dour and taciturn leader of one of the world's most repressive military regimes, isn't known for his feminine side. His contempt for pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi is rooted in part, most Burma analysts say, to the fact that she is a woman.

And so many Burmese were baffled earlier this month when Than Shwe and other top generals, appearing at a nationally televised ceremony, shed their dress uniforms for the Burmese equivalent of women's dresses. "I don't understand why the generals were wearing women's [sarongs] but they looked very weird," said a Rangoon mechanic, Myint Oo. Others put a more sinister spin on the generals' sartorial selection. "It's yadaya," said a Rangoon-based astrologer who asked not to be named, referring to Burma's particular brand of black magic.

Burma has had three rulers during the past half-century and all have been devotees of yadaya. Gen. Ne Win, who ruled from 1962 to 1988 reportedly shot his own reflection in a mirror, on the advice of a fortune teller, to foil a foretold assassination attempt. His obsession with numerology led him to demonetize all bank notes in 1987 so new notes could be printed — all divisible by his lucky number nine. The move wiped out the savings of most Burmese and contributed to an uprising one year later. His successor, Gen. Saw Muang, was replaced after erratic behavior that included a rambling, semi-coherent nationally televised speech brimming with references to magic and astrology. The man who replaced him, Than Shwe, is reported to have seven personal astrologers, several of whom are tasked with focusing solely on Aung San Suu Kyi, according to his biographer Ben Rogers.

Astrology, superstition and black magic are common in Southeast Asia, and Burma's rulers have rarely made any bones about their beliefs. But, in what appears to be an attempt to tamp down on all the talk over Than Shwe's television appearance, state-controlled media outlets have now denied access to Internet pages showing him attending the Feb. 12 ceremony for the national holiday Union Day. "I suspect that the Union day web page is being blocked precisely because there is speculation over whether Than Shwe is performing yadaya," says Ingrid Jordt, an anthropologist and specialist on Burma at the University of Wisconsin.

According to Wai Moe, a journalist with the Irrawaddy, an online magazine run by Burmese exiles, two interpretations of the the general sporting a ladies' sarong have gained the most currency. The first is that astrologers have predicted a woman will rule Burma, and so by donning women's clothes, Than Shwe and the other generals are attempting to fulfill the prophecy through some superstitious sleight of hand. The second, fuzzier interpretation, is that by dressing in women's clothing, the generals are somehow trying to neutralize Suu Kyi's power. After Than Shwe brutally suppressed an uprising led by Burmese monks in 2007, anti-regime activists launched a campaign asking people to send women's underwear to the leader because they said the generals believe that contact with women's underwear will sap their power. By wearing sarongs, they may believe they are cancelling out Suu Kyi's ability to sap what they view as the virile male power that underpins their leadership.

If this train of thought doesn't appear to follow logic, it is, after all, superstition. And these stories have circulated in Burma before, particularly about former intelligence chief Gen. Khin Nyunt, who was also said to have dressed as a woman to counter the power of Suu Kyi. Though these theories appear to be widely believed in Burma, the nation's rulers almost never give interviews, so they remain unconfirmed.

What isn't hard to confirm is that less than four months after releasing Suu Kyi from her latest term of house arrest, the regime's attitude towards the Nobel Peace Prize winner is once again hardening. After Suu Kyi recently reconfirmed her support for economic sanctions against the regime, a state-run newspaper ominously warned last week that she and her followers would meet a "tragic end." She and her supporters have little reason to think they're bluffing: In 2003, a government-organized mob attacked Suu Kyi and her followers in northern Burma, killing dozens.

Burma held elections in November 2010 to try and put a democratic face on a country controlled by its military. But Than Shwe's notions of leadership are known to be based more on divine rule than democracy, and Jordt says his choice of dress that day may instead have to do with the fact that the patterns of some women's sarongs are based on patterns worn by Burma's royalty more than a century ago. "Than Shwe is simply trying to dress in the style of bygone kings. Than Shwe's evocation of royal politics asserts a very Burmese and Buddhist idea about what the terms of political legitimacy are,'' Jordt says. She added that, for some time now, Than Shwe has required that royal courtly language be used in reference to him and his wife, Kyaing Kyaing.

If the other generals who joined their boss that day have any reservations about wearing women's sarongs, they aren't saying, lest they end up a victim of one of Than Shwe's periodic purges, as happened to former intelligence chief Gen. Khin Nyunt in 2004. Whether he's a reincarnated Burmese king, or just another old drag queen, Than Shwe's subordinates know it's never wise to cross Burma's cross-dressing senior general.

Read more:,8599,2053563,00.html#ixzz1FD2DACBu

စစ္တပ္ ႏွင့္ အမိန္႔နာခံမႈ - အပိုင္း (၆)

By ေရာ္နီညိမ္း စေန, 26 ေဖေဖာ္ဝါရီ 2011

တပ္မႉးတပ္သား ေျပာစကား (၀၄၉)

ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ရဲ႕ ဒုတိယကာကြယ္ေရးဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္(ၾကည္း) နဲ႔ ကာကြယ္ေရး ဒုတိယ၀န္ႀကီး ခန္႔အပ္ေရး အတြက္ ၁၉၇၄ ပထမ အႀကိမ္ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္အစည္းအေ၀းမွာ အေျခအတင္ျဖစ္ရပံု၊ ၁၉၈၈လူထုအံုၾကြမႈ ကာလမွာ တပ္မေတာ္ (ေလ)က တပ္မေတာ္(ၾကည္း)ရဲ႕အမိန္႔ကို မနာခံပဲ ေနခဲ့ပံု၊ ဒီကေန႔ လစ္ဗ်ားတပ္မေတာ္ မွာ အမိန္႔မနာခံေတာ့တဲ့ ‘ဒုတိယအေတြး’ (second thought) ၀င္သြားခဲ့ပံု၊ စတာေတြကို အၿငိမ္းစားဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ ႀကီး သူရဦးတင္ဦး၊ တပ္မေတာ္(ေလ) အရာရိွေဟာင္းတဦးနဲ႔ ဗိုလ္ႀကီးေဟာင္းစိုင္း၀င္းေက်ာ္တို႔က ဒီသီတင္း ပတ္ရဲ႕ “တပ္မႉးတပ္သား ေျပာစကား” အပတ္စဥ္က႑မွာ ေျပာျပထားပါတယ္။ ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္းက “စစ္တပ္ ႏွင့္ အမိန္႔နာခံမႈ - အပိုင္း (၆)” ေခါင္းစဥ္နဲ႔ စီစဥ္ တင္ဆက္ထားပါတယ္ ။

ဦးတင္ဦး။ ။ အဲဒီ ၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ (အၿငိမ္းစား ဗိုလ္မႉးခ်ဳပ္) ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္စိန္၀င္းကို ဒါနဲ႔ပတ္သက္တာ အားလံုးက ေတာ့ မျဖစ္သင့္ဘူး။ က်ေနာ္ လက္မခံႏိုင္ဘူးလို႔ သြားေျပာေတာ့၊ က်ေနာ္ ေတာ္ေတာ္ေလးေျပာဆိုၿပီးေတာ့ ၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္က က်ေနာ္ေျပာတာကို လက္ခံလိုက္တယ္။ လက္ခံလိုက္ေတာ့ အဲဒီမွာ လႊတ္ေတာ္အစည္းအေ၀း က စေနၿပီ ခင္ဗ်။ လႊတ္ေတာ္ သဘာပတိက ကယားျပည္နယ္ဥကၠဌ ခင္ဗ်။ လႊတ္ေတာ္အစည္းအေ၀းကို (၁၅) မိနစ္ေလာက္ ဆိုင္းငံ့လိုက္ၿပီးတဲ့ေနာက္၊ ျပန္ၿပီးေတာ့ ေနာက္ထပ္ က်ေနာ္တို႔ က်က်နနျပန္တင္လိုက္ တဲ့ အခါက်ေတာ့၊ ဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီးတင့္ေဆြက ကာကြယ္ေရးဒု၀န္ႀကီးပဲ ျပန္ျဖစ္သြားၿပီးတဲ့ေနာက္၊ အဲဒါကို ေနာက္ဆံုး အဆိုတင္လိုက္ၿပီး ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ က်သြားတာပဲ ခင္ဗ်။

ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္း။ ။ ဟုတ္ကဲ့၊ ပထမ list မွာ ဒု၀န္ႀကီးက ဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီးတင့္ေဆြ ပါမလာဘူးဆိုေတာ့ ဘယ္သူ က ပါလာပါသလဲ ခင္ဗ်။

ဦးတင္ဦး။ ။အဲဒါ သူတို႔ မဆလ ဘက္ကေနၿပီးေတာ့ ပါတီဌာနခ်ဳပ္ကေန တေယာက္ထည့္လိုက္ေသး တယ္။ ပုဂၢိဳလ္တေယာက္ ထည့္လိုက္ေသးတယ္။ နာမည္ေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ သိတယ္။ မေျပာေတာ့ပါဘူးဗ်ာ။ ထား ပါေတာ့။ သူတို႔ကုိ ေအာက္ကေန ပါတီကေနၿပီးေတာ့ faction ရိုက္လိုက္သလား မသိဘူးေလ။ ညႇပ္ၿပီးထည့္ လုိက္ၿပီးေတာ့ ကပ္ပါသြား တာ။ က်ေနာ္ ေတာ္ေတာ္ စိတ္ဆိုးတယ္၊ အဲဒီတုန္းက။ ဒီလို ခင္ဗ်ားတို႔ ဒီလိုလုပ္ လို႔ ဘယ္ျဖစ္မလဲဗ် လို႔၊ မူလက က်ေနာ္တို႔ ဒီအဖြဲ႔က ဆံုးျဖတ္ၿပီးသားကို ဟိုဘက္ကေန၀င္ၿပီး ဒီလို ထိုးတာ ေတာ့ က်ေနာ္ လက္မခံႏိုင္ဘူးေျပာေတာ့၊ ေနာက္ဆံုး ၀န္ႀကီးခ်ဳပ္ကလည္း က်ေနာ္ေျပာတာကို သေဘာတူ တယ္။ က်ေနာ္ တဆင့္ ေလွ်ာ့ေပးလိုက္ၿပီးၿပီေလ။ ၿပီးေတာ့ ဒီ ကိစၥမွာလည္း သူက senior အျဖစ္ဆံုးပဲဗ်။ (ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္တြင္ ပထမဆံုး တည္ေထာင္ခဲ့ေသာ အမွတ္ (၇၇) ေျချမန္တပ္မ) တပ္မမႉး အရင္ဆံုးျဖစ္တဲ့ လူပါ။ အက်င့္စာရိတၱမွာ အစစအရာရာ လုပ္ရည္ကိုင္ရည္လည္း ရွိတယ္။ အဲဒါေၾကာင့္ က်ေနာ္က သူ မပါ လာရင္ မျဖစ္ဘူး ဆိုၿပီး တင္ေတာ့၊ ရသြားတယ္ ခင္ဗ်။

ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္း။ ။ ဟုတ္ကဲ့၊ ဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီးတင့္ေဆြကို ဒု၀န္ႀကီးအျဖစ္ nominateလုပ္ဖို႔ဟာ ဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီးၾကည္ ေမာင္က အဆိုတင္သြင္းတယ္ ဆိုေတာ့၊ အဲဒီ ဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီးၾကည္ေမာင္က အဂၤလန္သံအမတ္ႀကီး လုပ္သြားၿပီး က်န္းမာေရး၀န္ႀကီး လည္း လုပ္သြားတဲ့ အဲဒီအခ်ိန္က စစ္ဦးစီးဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီး (ၾကည္း) လုပ္ေနတဲ့ ဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီးၾကည္ေမာင္ေပါ့ေနာ္။ NLD ဦးၾကည္ေမာင္ မဟုတ္ဘူးေပါ့။

ဦးတင္ဦး။ ။ ဟုတ္ပါတယ္။ ခင္ဗ်ားေျပာတဲ့အတုိင္း သံအမတ္လုပ္သြားၿပီး၊ ပထမ Colonel GS လုပ္ခဲ့တဲ့ ဗိုလ္ၾကည္ ေမာင္ပါ ခင္ဗ်။ ဒီဟာနဲ႔ပတ္သက္လို႔ one and half ဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီးတင္ဦး (နံပါတ္တစ္ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ဦးေန၀င္း ႏွင့္ နံပါတ္ႏွစ္ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ဦးစန္းယုတို ၾကားမွာ ေနရာ၀င္ယူထားေသာေၾကာင့္၊ ႏိုင္ငံျခားမီဒီယာ ေတြက one and half ဟု အမည္ေပးထားခဲ့ေသာ တပ္မေတာ္ေထာက္လွမ္းေရးညႊန္ၾကားေရးမႉး ႏွင့္ ပါတီ တဲြဘက္အတြင္းေရးမႉး ျဖစ္ခဲ့သူ ကြယ္လြန္သူ ဗိုလ္မႉးခ်ဳပ္ေဟာင္းတင္ဦး) က ယူလာတာပဲေလ။ သူက ဒီလို ေျပာလိုက္တယ္လို႔ ေျပာတာကိုး။

ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္း။ ။ ဟုတ္ကဲ့ ေထာက္လွမ္းေရးညႊန္ၾကားေရးမႉးေပါ့ ေနာ္။

ဦးတင္ဦး။ ။ သိတယ္ေနာ္။ ေထာက္လွမ္းေရးကပါ။ ေနာက္ေတာ့ ဗိုလ္မႉးခ်ဳပ္တင္ဦး၊ ဦးေန၀င္းရဲ႕အနားမွာ ေတာက္ေလွ်ာက္ အတူတကြ လုပ္ေဆာင္ေနတဲ့ လူဆိုေတာ့၊ သူ႔ဆီက ဒီဟာက signal ပါလာတယ္ေပ့ါ ဗ်ာ။ အဲဒီဟာ ပါလာတယ္ဆိုၿပီးေတာ့ ျဖစ္တာကေန၊ ျပန္ေဆြးေႏြးၾကၿပီးေတာ့ ဒီလို ျဖစသြားၾကတာပဲ ေလ။

ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္း။ ။ ဟုတ္ကဲ့ ဒါ အန္ကယ္တို႔ အရင္တုန္းကလည္း ဒီလိုပဲ ျဖစ္ခဲ့တယ္။ အန္ကယ္က ဒုခ်ဳပ္ (ၾကည္း)ကို အမ်ားဆႏၵအရ ဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီးတင့္ေဆြကို ျဖစ္ေစခ်င္တယ္။ ဒီလိုမ်ိဳး ျဖစ္သင့္တယ္လို႔ အမ်ားက လည္း ယူဆထားေပမယ့္ အာဏာရွင္က ဒါျဖစ္ေစဆို အကုန္ လိုက္ျဖစ္ရတာကို၊ အန္ကယ္ ဘယ္လိုျမင္ပါ သလဲ။

ဦးတင္ဦး။ ။ ဟိုတုန္းကေတာ့ ေကဒါျမႇဳပ္ႏွံေရးမူဆိုၿပီးေတာ့ (ပါတီ)ဗဟိုကေန ထည့္ၿပီး ျမႇဳပ္ႏွံလိုက္တယ္။ မထူးပါဘူး။ ခုလည္း အရင္ပံုစံအတုိင္း သြားတာပါပဲ။

ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္း။ ။ ၁၉၈၀ခုႏွစ္ ေနာက္ပိုင္းႏွစ္ေတြမွာလည္း ဒုတိယကာကြယ္ေရးဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္(ၾကည္း) ဒုတိယ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီးေအးကိုဟာ အၿငိမ္းစားယူၿပီးေတာ့ ျမန္မာ့ဆိုရွယ္လစ္လမ္းစဥ္ပါတီရဲ႕ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမႉး ျဖစ္သြားတဲ့ အခ်ိန္မွာ၊ လစ္လပ္သြားတဲ့ ဒုခ်ဳပ္(ၾကည္း) ေနရာကို ေထာက္လွမ္းေရးညႊန္ၾကားေရးမႉးေဟာင္း ျဖစ္တဲ့ ပါတီရဲ႕တြဲဘက္အတြင္းေရးမႉး ေထာက္လွမ္းေရးဗိုလ္မႉးခ်ဳပ္တင္ဦးက ဗုိလ္ခ်ဳပ္တင္စိန္ကိုေပးဖို႔ စီစဥ္ခဲ့ ေပမယ့္၊ တုိက္ခိုက္ေရးတပ္ကစစ္ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြက လက္မခံၾကလို႔ ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ရဲ႕ဒုတိယအႀကီးအကဲ ျဖစ္တဲ့ ဒုခ်ဳပ္(ၾကည္း)ရာထူးေနရာမွာ လေပါင္းမ်ားစြာ လစ္လပ္ေနၿပီးေတာ့၊ ေနာက္ဆံုးမွာမွ အေျခအေနအား လံုးကို ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ေနတဲ့ ဦးေန၀င္းက၊ အခုအခါ တစည (တိုင္းရင္းသားစည္းလံုးညီညြတ္ေရး) ပါတီဥကၠဌ၊ ထိုစဥ္ကေတာ့ ဒုတိယဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီးထြန္းရီကို ဒုတိယကာ ကြယ္ေရးဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္(ၾကည္း)အျဖစ္ ခန္႔အပ္ခဲ့တာကို ေတြ႔ခဲ့ရပါတယ္။ ၁၉၈၈ ခုႏွစ္ လူထုအံုၾကြမႈ အေရးေတာ္ပံုကာလမွာ တပ္မေတာ္(ေလ)မွာ အမိန္႔မနာခံဘဲ ျဖစ္ ခဲ့ရတဲ့ ျဖစ္စဥ္တခုကေတာ့၊ အခုအခါမွာ လစ္ဗ်ားႏိုင္ငံက ဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီး မြမ္မာကဒါဖီ Moammar Gadhafi ရဲ႕ ဆႏၵျပလူထုကို ဗံုးႀကဲတိုက္ခိုက္ဖို႔ ေပးတဲ့အမိန္႔ကို မနာခံတဲ့ လစ္ဗ်ားေလတပ္က ျဖစ္စဥ္နဲ႔ ဆင္တူလြန္းလွ တယ္လို႔၊ တပ္မေတာ္(ေလ) အရာရွိေဟာင္းတဦးက ေျပာျပခဲ့ပါတယ္။

တပ္မေတာ္(ေလ) အရာရွိေဟာင္း။ ။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ အဲဒီ အျဖစ္အပ်က္ကေလးကေတာ့ ျဖစ္ခဲ့တာပဲ ေလ။ ေျမာက္ဥကၠလာပမွာ တပ္မေတာ္(ေလ)က တိုက္ေလယာဥ္ေတြနဲ႔ အေပၚကေန အနည္းဆံုးေပါ့ေလ၊ ပစ္ဖို႔လို႔ ဗံုးႀကဲဖို႔လို႔ အဲဒီလို အမိန္႔ထြက္လာတဲ့ အခါက်ေတာ့၊ ပထမတုန္းကေတာ့ အဲဒီလို ပစ္ဖို႔ အမိန္႔မဟုတ္ဘူး ဗ်၊ အနည္းဆံုးေတာ့ အေပၚကေန ဗံုးအတုခ်ဖို႔ ေပါ့၊ အဲဒီလို ေျပာေတာ့ အဲဒီမွာ တခ်ဳိ႕အရာရွိေတြက အေပၚက ေလယာဥ္ကေန ဘာပဲပစ္ခ်ခ် ေအာက္ကို တခုခု က်သြားရင္၊ ဗံုးမဟုတ္ေသာ္လည္း ေလတပ္က ဗံုးခ်တယ္ ဆိုၿပီးေတာ့ ျပႆနာ တက္ႏိုင္တယ္။ သူတို႔ မလုပ္ႏိုင္ဘူး ဆိုၿပီးေတာ့ ျငင္းၾကတယ္ဗ်။

ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္း။ ။ ဟုတ္ကဲ့ခင္ဗ်။ အဲဒီေတာ့ (ဒုတိယ)ကာကြယ္ေရးဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္(ေလ)ျဖစ္တဲ့ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္တင္ထြန္း ကို တပ္မေတာ္(ၾကည္း)က ေပးတဲ့အမိန္႔ကို၊ တခါ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္တင္ထြန္းက တပ္မေတာ္(ေလ)ကို ဘယ္လိုျပန္ၿပီး အမိန္႔ေပးပါသလဲခင္ဗ်။ စစ္ဦးစီးဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီး(ေလ) ကေန တဆင့္ ေပးတာလား ဒါမွမဟုတ္ မဂၤလာဒံုက (၅၀၂) ေလတပ္စခန္းကို တုိက္ရိုက္ေပးတာပါလား ခင္ဗ်။

တပ္မေတာ္(ေလ) အရာရွိေဟာင္း။ ။ တုိက္ရိုက္ အမိန္႔ေပးပံုရတယ္ ခင္ဗ်။ အဲဒီလို တုိက္ရိုက္အမိန္႔ေပး တာကို ေအာက္က ေလသူရဲအရာရွိေတြက ေနၿပီးေတာ့၊ မလိုက္နာႏိုင္ပါဘူး ဆိုၿပီးေတာ့၊ သူတို႔ကေနၿပီး တခ်ိဳ႕အရာရွိေတြက လက္မွတ္ထိုးၿပီးေတာ့ ထြက္ေတာ့မယ္ေပါ့။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ကို ဒီလိုအမိန္႔ေပးလာရင္ မလုပ္ ႏိုင္ဘူး၊ လက္မွတ္ထိုးၿပီး ထြက္မယ္ေပါ့။ ေနာက္တခါ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ေလယာဥ္ေတြမွာ ဗံုးေတြ တပ္ဆင္ေပးတဲ့ အခါက်ေတာ့၊ အရာရွိမဟုတ္တဲ့ အျခားအဆင့္ရဲေဘာ္ေတြက လက္နက္တို႔ ဗံုးတို႔ တပ္ေပးရပါတယ္။ အဲဒီလို တပ္ေပးရတဲ့အခါ၊ သူတို႔ကလည္း ဘာျဖစ္လို႔ ဒီလို လက္နက္ေတြဗံုးေတြ တပ္ရတာလဲ ဆိုၿပီးေတာ့ သံသယ ရွိတယ္။ အဲဒီလို သံသယရွိလာၿပီး သူတို႔ကလည္း ေလယာဥ္ေဘးနားမွာ တခါထဲ၊ ေလယာဥ္မွာ ဗံုးတပ္ဖို႔ကို မလုပ္ေတာ့ဘူးဗ်။ မတပ္ၾကေတာ့ဘူး။ လက္နက္တပ္ဖို႔ ဗံုးတပ္ဖို႔ကို သူတို႔ မတပ္ၾကေတာ့ဘူး။

ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္း။ ။ ဟုတ္ကဲ့ အဲဒီတုန္းက (၅၀၂) ေလတပ္စခန္း စခန္းမႉးက က်ေနာ္တို႔ သိထားတာကေတာ့ ဗုိလ္မႉးခ်ဳပ္ေမာင္ေမာင္ ေပ့ါေနာ္။ စစ္တကၠသိုလ္ ဗိုလ္သင္တန္း အပတ္စဥ္ (၁)ကပဲ၊ ဆင္းပါတယ္။ အဲဒီေတာ့ ဒီ ဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီးေမာင္ေမာင္က၊ အဲဒီအခ်ိန္မွာ တန္းစီၿပီးေတာ့ ေလသူရဲေတြကို ဒီအမိန္႔ကို ေပးတာလား ခင္ဗ်။

တပ္မေတာ္(ေလ) အရာရွိေဟာင္း။ ။ ဟုတ္တယ္ဗ်။ သူလည္း အဲဒီတုန္းက အထက္က အမိန္႔ေၾကာင့္ထင္ တယ္။ အားလံုးကို “မင္းတို႔ ဒီလို လုပ္ၾက” ဆိုၿပီးေတာ့ အမိန္႔ေပးတဲ့ သေဘာပဲ။ ဒါေပမယ့္ ခုနက ေျပာသလို ေပါ့၊ ရဲေဘာ္ေတြကလည္း မနာခံ၊ အရာရွိေတြကလည္း မနာခံတဲ့အခါက်ေတာ့၊ သူတို႔ မလုပ္ေတာ့ မလုပ္ျဖစ္ ပါဘူး။ အဲဒီအခ်ိန္က ျဖစ္ေနတာကေတာ့ တပ္မေတာ္ကလည္း ဘယ္ဘက္လိုက္ရမွန္း မသိဘူးဗ်။ သို႔ေသာ္ လည္းပဲ အမွန္အတုိင္းေျပာရရင္ တပ္မေတာ္သားေတြကလည္း အဲဒီအခ်ိန္ကျဖစ္ေနတဲ့ အေျခအေန၊ လက္ရွိ သူတို႔ ခံစားေနရတဲ့အေျခအေနကို သူတို႔ ေက်နပ္ၾကတာေတာ့ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ ဘယ္ဘက္လိုက္မယ္ ညာဘက္ လုိက္မယ္ေတာ့ မဟုတ္ဘူး။ သို႔ေသာ္ မတရားတာက မတရားတာပဲ ေပါ့။ ကိုယ့္တုိင္းသူျပည္သားေတြကို ေလယာဥ္ပ်ံေပၚကေန ဗံုးႀကဲခ်ၿပီးေတာ့ ပစ္သတ္ရမယ္ဆိုတာကေတာ့ အဓိပၸါယ္မရွိဘူး ေလ။ အဲဒါေၾကာင့္မို႔ ဘယ္သူမွ ဒီအမိန္႔ကို မလုိက္နာဘဲနဲ႔၊ အဲဒီအခ်ိန္မွာေတာ့ အနည္းဆံုးေတာ့ သူတို႔ေတြရဲ႕ ယံုၾကည္မႈကို သူတို႔ တကယ္ ျပႏိုင္ခဲ့တယ္။ က်ေနာ္တို႔ကို ဒီလိုအမိန္႔နဲ႔ အာဏာနဲ႔ ခိုင္းလာရင္ က်ေနာ္တို႔ မလုပ္ႏိုင္ဘူး၊ က်ေနာ္ တို႔ ထြက္မယ္ဆိုၿပီး တခ်ိဳ႕အရာရွိေတြက လက္မွတ္ထိုးၿပီး ထြက္စာတင္တဲ့အထိ ျဖစ္ခဲ့တာ က်ေနာ္တို႔ သိခဲ့ရ ပါတယ္။

ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္း။ ။ ဟုတ္ကဲ့ အဲဒီေတာ့ တပ္မေတာ္(ေလ)(၅၀၂)ေလတပ္စခန္းက ေလသူရဲေတြက၊ ဒီအလုပ္ ကို မလုပ္ႏိုင္ဘူးဆိုၿပီး အမိန္႔ မနာခံတဲ့အခါမွာ၊ တပ္မေတာ္(ၾကည္း)က ဘာမ်ား ဆက္လက္အေရးယူ ေဆာင္ ရြက္တာ ရွိပါသလဲ ခင္ဗ်။ ဧရာ၀တီေရတပ္စခန္းဆုိရင္ လံုၿခံဳေရးအေၾကာင္းျပၿပီး၊ အျပင္ကေနၿပီးေတာ့ army တပ္ရင္းတရင္းနဲ႔ ၀ိုင္းထားသလို (၅၀၂) ေလတပ္စခန္းကိုေရာ တပ္မေတာ္(ၾကည္း)က တပ္ရင္းတပ္ဖြဲ႔ေတြက အျပင္က ၀ိုင္းထားတာ ရွိပါသလား ခင္ဗ်။

တပ္မေတာ္(ေလ) အရာရွိေဟာင္း။ ။ အဲဒီလိုေတာ့ မရွိခဲ့ပါဘူး။ ဒါေပမယ့္ က်ေနာ္တို႔ကို အေပၚကေန အနည္းဆံုးေတာ့ စာႀကဲခ်ဖို႔ အမိန္႔ေပးတဲ့ အတြက္ေၾကာင့္ “လူစုခြဲပါ။ လူစုမခြဲရင္ ပစ္မယ္” ဆိုတဲ့ စာေပ့ါေနာ္။ အဲဒီဟာမ်ိဳးေတြ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ႀကဲခ်ခဲ့ရပါတယ္။

ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္း။ ။ "စစ္တပ္ ႏွင့္ အမိန္႔နာခံမႈ" ကို ေလ့လာေနစဥ္မွာပဲ မ်က္ေမွာက္မွာ ျဖစ္ေပၚေနတဲ့ အေကာင္းဆံုး နမူနာဥပမာကေတာ့ လစ္ဗ်ားႏိုင္ငံရဲ႕ အေျခအေနပါပဲ။ စစ္တပ္ႀကီးကို ထူေထာင္လာခဲ့တဲ့ လစ္ဗ်ားေခါင္းေဆာင္ ဗိုလ္မႉးႀကီးမြမ္မာကဒါဖီရဲ႕ အမိန္႔ကို မနာခံဘဲ ေတာ္လွန္ပုန္ကန္ၾကၿပီးေတာ့၊ ဆႏၵျပ လစ္ဗ်ားျပည္သူလူထုနဲ႔ ပူးေပါင္းသြားၾကတဲ့ အေျခအေနေတြကို ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ အရာရွိေဟာင္းေတြ ျဖစ္ ၾကတဲ့ ဗုိလ္ႀကီးေဟာင္း စုိင္း၀င္းေက်ာ္၊ အသံလႊင့္ေဆာင္းပါးရွင္ ဗိုလ္မႉးေဟာင္း ဦးျမတ္ႏိုး၊ ဗိုလ္မႉးေဟာင္း ဦးေအာင္လင္းထြဋ္၊ ဗုိလ္မႉးေဟာင္း ဦးစိုင္းသိန္း၀င္း တို႔နဲ႔လည္း လစ္ဗ်ားစစ္တပ္ရဲ႕ အမိန္႔မနာခံမႈ အေျခအ ေနကို၊ ဆက္သြယ္ေမးျမန္း ေဆြးေႏြးၾကည့္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။

ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္း။ ။ ဒီ လစ္ဗ်ားကို ၾကည့္လိုက္ရင္၊ အကုန္လံုးက ကဒါဖီ ေပးေကၽြး ေထာက္ပ့ံမႈနဲ႔ ႀကီးထြား လာတဲ့ စစ္ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြခ်ည့္ပဲ၊ အခု သူ႔ကို အကုန္လံုး အမိန္႔မနာခံၾကဘူး ျဖစ္ေနတာ။ အဲဒီေတာ့ ဒါက ၾကည့္လိုက္လို႔ရွိရင္ breaking point လို႔ ေခၚတာေပါ့ေနာ္။ ဒီ က်ိဳးေပါက္ ပ်က္စီးသြားႏိုင္တဲ့ point (ဆံုမွတ္) တစ္ခုကို ေရာက္သြားတဲ့အခ်ိန္မွာေတာ ့မရဘူး။ ဘယ္လိုမွ သူတို႔ ဆက္ၿပီး သစၥာမခံႏိုင္ဘူးဆိုတဲ့ breaking point ကို ေရာက္သြားတာ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ေတြ႔ရတယ္။ အဲဒီ breaking point က ဘာလဲဆိုေတာ့ ရက္ပိုင္းေလး အတြင္းမွာ လူေတြကို ရာနဲ႔ေထာင္နဲ႔ ခ်ီၿပီးေတာ့ အကုန္လံုး ပစ္ခတ္သတ္ျဖတ္လိုက္တာကို လုပ္လာတဲ့အခါ မွာ၊ မႀကိဳက္တဲ့ သေဘာမေတြ႔တဲ့ တပ္မႉးတပ္သားေတြ အကုန္လံုး ကဒါဖီကို အာခံၾကတယ္။ ျမန္မာျပည္မွာ ဒီလိုမ်ိဳးအေျခအေနေတြ ျဖစ္ေပၚလာလို႔ ပစ္ခတ္ၿဖိဳခြင္းရတဲ့ အခါမွာ second thought ေပါ့၊ ဒုတိယအေတြး ျဖစ္တဲ့ “ငါတို႔ မွားေနၿပီလား ? ငါတို႔ေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြ မွားေနၿပီလား ?” ဆိုတဲ့ အဲဒီ second thought ကို ေတြးသြားလိုက္ႏိုင္တဲ့ အေျခအေနကို၊ တြန္းပို႔မယ့္ breaking point ကို တပ္မႉးတပ္သားေတြ ေက်ာ္ျဖတ္ႏိုင္ ပါ့မလား၊ ဘယ္လို ျမင္ပါသလဲ ခင္ဗ်။ ပထမဦးဆံုး ဦးစိုင္း၀င္းေက်ာ္က ေျပာျပေပးပါလားခင္ဗ်။

ဗိုလ္ႀကီးစိုင္း၀င္းေက်ာ္။ ။ သိပ္ျဖစ္ႏုိင္ပါတယ္ ခင္ဗ်။ breaking point သူတို႔ ေရာက္လာတဲ့ အခ်ိန္က်ရင္ ေတာ့၊ သူတို႔ကိုယ္တိုင္ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ခ်ၿပီးေတာ့မွ မ်ဥ္းတစ္ခုကို သူတို႔ ရဲရဲ၀ံ့၀ံ့ျပတ္ျပတ္သားသား ေက်ာ္ျဖတ္ လိမ့္မယ္၊ ကူးေျပာင္းလာလိမ့္မယ္လို႔ က်ေနာ္ ယံုၾကည္ပါတယ္ ခင္ဗ်။ အေျခအေနေတြကလည္း အဲဒီလိုမ်ိဳး ျဖစ္လာဖို႔အတြက္ ေတာင္းလည္း ေတာင္းဆိုေနတယ္။ အဲဒီလိုမ်ိဳး ျဖစ္လာဖို႔ အလားအလာေတြကလည္း အမ်ားႀကီး ရွိပါတယ္။ အခုအခ်ိန္မွာ အမွန္တရားကို သိနားလည္တဲ့ အင္အားစုေတြကလည္း၊ တပ္မေတာ္ထဲ မွာ အမ်ားႀကီး ျဖစ္ေနပါၿပီ။ အတုိင္းအတာ ကာလတခုအထိ၊ အဆံုးအျဖတ္ေပးရမယ့္ အဲဒီ ကာလကိုေရာက္ လာၿပီး မ်ဥ္းတစ္ခုကို ျဖတ္ေက်ာ္မယ္ဆိုရင္ အဓိက ကေတာ့ ကိုယ့္ကိုယ္ကို ယံုၾကည့္မႈရွိဖို႔ လိုပါတယ္ ခင္ဗ်။ ေနာက္ၿပီးေတာ့ ကိုယ့္တာ၀န္ကိုယ္ သတၱိရွိရွိနဲ႔ ယူရဲဖို႔ လို တယ္။ ကိုယ့္သမိုင္းကို ကိုယ္ ေရးဖို႔လိုတယ္၊ အဲဒီ ကိုယ္ေရးတဲ့ သမိုင္းဟာလည္း အမွန္တရားဘက္ကို ရပ္တည္တဲ့ သမိုင္းျဖစ္မယ္ဆိုရင္၊ အဲဒီအမွန္တရားက ေနာင္တခ်ိန္မွာ စကားေျပာလာပါလိမ့္မယ္ ခင္ဗ်။ အဓိက ကေတာ့ ကိုယ့္ရဲ႕ ရပ္တည္ခ်က္က ဘာလဲဆိုတာ၊ တိတိက်က် ေ၀ဖန္ ဆန္းစစ္ဖို႔ အခ်ိန္ေရာက္ပါၿပီ။ အေရးႀကီးတဲ့ ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ကို လုပ္ရမယ့္ ကာလတခုကို ေရွ႕အနာဂတ္မွာ ေရာက္ခ်င္လည္း ေရာက္လာမွာပါ။ ေရာက္လာမယ္ဆိုရင္ လိမၼာပါးနပ္စြာ နဲ႔ မ်ဥ္းတစ္ခုကို သတၱိရွိရွိ ယံုၾကည္မႈ အျပည့္အ၀နဲ႔ ဘယ္လိုကူးျဖတ္မလဲ ဆိုတာ သမိုင္းက ေတာင္းဆိုေနပါတယ္။ မတရား မႈေတြ အားလံုးရဲ႕ ေနာက္ဆံုးနိဂံုးဟာ ျပန္ၿပီးေတာ့မွ တြန္းလွန္တဲ့ အေနအထားနဲ႔ နိဂံုးခ်ဳပ္သြားလိမ့္မယ္လို႔ က်ေနာ္ ယံုၾကည္ပါတယ္။ အဓိကကေတာ့ က်ေနာ္တို႔ ကိုယ့္ကိုယ္ကို ယံုၾကည္မႈရွိဖို႔ လိုပါတယ္ ခင္ဗ်။

ဦးေရာ္နီညိမ္း။ ။ ေသာတရွင္မ်ား ခင္ဗ်ာ၊ ေရွ႕သီတင္းပတ္ စေနေန႔ မနက္နဲ႔ ညေနခင္းေတြမွာေတာ့ ဗီအိုေအ ျမန္မာပိုင္းအစီအစဥ္ “တပ္မႉးတပ္သား ေျပာစကား” က႑မွာ “စစ္တပ္ ႏွင့္ အမိန္႔နာခံမႈ အပိုင္း (၇)” ကိုဆက္ၿပီး ထုတ္လႊင့္ေပးသြားပါမယ္။ ေစာင့္ေမွ်ာ္နားဆင္ၾကပါ။ က်ေနာ္ ေရာ္နီညိမ္းပါ။

Heavy Police Presence Thwarts Call for Anti-Government Protests in China

February 27, 2011 Peter Simpson | Beijing
A man, center, is detained by police officers near the planned protest site is located at in Shanghai, China, February 27, 2011

China put on a display of force Sunday following an on-line call for anti-government protests across the nation. Several foreign journalists were physically assaulted and detained, including two VOA reporters. Security officials are determined to put down any signs of the kind of unrest that has shaken the Middle East.
Chinese security forces were deployed following the second on-line call in a week urging peaceful protests against Communist Party rule.

Hundreds of uniformed and plain-clothed police officers patrolled expected protest sites in China's two main cities, Beijing and Shanghai.
Police removed five men gathering at a planned protest site in Shanghai.

In Beijing's main shopping and tourist district, close to Tiananmen Square, several foreign journalists were physically assaulted and detained. Many were ordered to destroy film footage and photographs.

Raw video of police action in China:

Among them were two Voice Of America reporters filming at the scene, including Beijing bureau chief Stephanie Ho.

She was shoved into a shop by what appeared to be plain-clothed police. There is a point at which the incident could have turned more violent. But a uniformed officer intervened and ordered them not to hit woman.

Ho was escorted out of the area and detained for an hour before being released. Several other foreign journalists said they were also accosted by authorities.

China mobilized its security forces after a website urged Chinese citizens to copy the pro-democracy "Jasmine Revolution" sweeping the Middle East.

But few heeded the call to attend the gatherings.

Several senior government officials this week rejected claims China could be hit by protests like those that have rippled across the Middle East.

They say the country is enjoying an economic boom with none of the widespread unemployment and poverty that ignited rebellion in countries like Tunisia and Egypt.

Nevertheless, calls for pro-democracy protests have raised concern.

Dozens of dissidents and human rights activists have been detained and internet discussions and searches about the Middle East uprisings are heavily censored.

Ex-Libyan Justice Minister Forms Caretaker Govt. in East

Mustafa Abdel-Jalil, Libya's ex-justice minister (Feb. 23, 2011)

February 27, 2011 VOA News

Libya's former justice minister says he has formed a transitional government based in the country's east, the focal point of an uprising against Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi.

Mustafa Abdel Jalil made the announcement in an interview with Qatar-based television network Al-Jazeera late Saturday.

Abdel Jalil says the transitional government is based in Libya's second-largest city of Benghazi and includes military and civilian figures. He says it will lead for "no more than three months" to prepare for "fair elections" enabling the Libyan people to choose their leader.

Watch Raw Video of Libya Protests:

Abdel Jalil quit as Gadhafi's justice minister last week and joined the revolt that began earlier this month against the Libyan leader's 42-year rule.

It is not clear how much support Jalil's caretaker government has in opposition-held communities. Anti-government protesters backed by defecting army units have seized control of eastern Libya and several parts of the west after battles with pro-Gadhafi forces.

Libya's Ambassador to the United States Ali Aujali said Saturday he supports the caretaker government established by Abdel Jalil. Aujali is one of many Libyan diplomats around the world who have broken ties with Gadhafi since the uprising started.

The U.S. State Department had no immediate comment on Abdel Jalil's move.

Gadhafi still controls the Libyan capital, Tripoli, in the country's northwest. Armed Gadhafi loyalists patrolled the city in all-terrain vehicles Saturday, a day after he promised to supply his supporters with weapons to defend his leadership.

Many Tripoli residents stayed in their homes, terrified of encountering pro-Gadhafi militiamen who have shot and killed scores of opposition protesters this month. Some residents gathered Saturday to attend the funeral of an anti-government demonstrator who was shot Friday.

Gadhafi's son, Saif al-Islam Gadhafi, told journalists that most of Libya was "calm" and "peaceful." He described opposition forces controlling the western cities of Misrata and Zawiya as a minor problem.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says reports indicate more than 1,000 people have been killed in Libya's uprising.

Libyan Protest Leaders Form National Council in East

Libyan anti-government protest leaders say they have formed a "national council" in eastern cities seized from Moammar Gadhafi, following days of fighting with forces loyal to the Libyan leader.

Council spokesman Hafiz Ghoga said Sunday that the council serves as the face of the revolution but is not an interim government. more..

Saturday, February 26, 2011

The Davis Spy Crisis: Top Spooks in the U.S. and Pakistan Get in the Act

U.S. consulate employee Raymond Davis is escorted by police and officials out of court in Lahore, January 28th, 2011.
Tariq Saeed / Reuters

By OMAR WARAICH Saturday, Feb. 26, 2011 TIME

The CIA has opened direct negotiations with its Pakistani counterpart, the Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), in an effort to secure the release of one its contractors who is standing trial in Pakistan for double murder. Officials familiar with the discussions told TIME that the negotiations began on Wednesday when Lieut. General Ahmed Shuja Pasha, the director-general of the ISI, received a call from CIA Director Leon Panetta. Panetta's call came just a day after the U.S. and Pakistani military leaderships met for a prescheduled meeting in the Gulf emirate of Oman, where the case of the CIA contractor was also discussed. Leading up to the meeting, Admiral Mike Mullen, head of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, had spoken with Pakistan Army chief Gen. Ashfaq Parvez Kayani at least three times about the contractor.
The case of Raymond Davis, a former special operations soldier who had been working with the CIA as a contractor in Pakistan, has sent relations between the two countries to a dangerous low. Davis is standing trial in the eastern city of Lahore, accused of killing two Pakistanis who had been pursuing him last month. The controversy has caused an uproar in Pakistan, particularly after Washington insisted that Davis should be released under diplomatic immunity because he was acting in self-defense, holds a diplomatic passport and a valid visa. In Pakistan, few are persuaded. A fierce wave of anti-Americanism has arisen, with many Pakistanis disputing whether diplomatic immunity applies. For the powerful Pakistani military and its spies, there are also concerns about the activities of Davis and other contractors operating in the country.
(See why Pakistan is in no mood to back down in the showdown over Raymond Davis.)
For the ISI, the Davis affair has offered a rare opportunity to exercise leverage over the CIA and even the civilian government of President Asif Ali Zardari. "It's the first time that the CIA has been caught with its pants down," says a Pakistani official. The ISI had faced a series of embarrassing allegations in recent years. "This is an unequal relationship," adds the official. "The Americans bully because Pakistan is in the weaker position. And Pakistanis retaliate in an effort to increase their leverage. It is somehow built into an unequal relationship with a junior partner not being comfortable playing the role a junior partner."
(Why is Raymond Davis a threat to Zardari's government?
Davis, according to Pakistani officials, had been spying on Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), an outlawed militant group that has been involved in the anti-Indian Kashmir insurgency, and other "Punjabi jihadi groups." LeT is also believed to be responsible for the November 2008 Mumbai massacre. Pakistan has so far refused to hand-over the group's leaders. The LeT's chief, Hafiz Saeed, is supposed to be under house arrest but still manages to appear occasionally to lead public rallies.
The CIA and the ISI appear to be at odds over the nature of LeT's activities. "The CIA had told the ISI that it believes that LeT is working with al-Qaeda," said a senior Pakistani official familiar with the discussions. In response, the ISI is said to have denied this was the case. According to the official, the CIA subsequently enlisted the services of contractors, like Davis, to independently establish whether the link existed.
The CIA, however, had not secured authorization from the ISI for the contractors to operate in Pakistan, Pakistani officials said. However, there were no established rules, either. "The ISI never said that the CIA or the Department of Defense couldn't have contractors," said a senior Pakistani official. "They weren't there with Pakistan's authorization, but they were there with Pakistan's knowledge. The ISI knows who these people are, but they want to control them, they want to know what their assignment is."
The ISI has said publicly that it had no knowledge of the contractors, and has alleged that the pro-U.S. government of President Zardari secretly slipped them into the country. Officials close to Zardari deny the charge. Davis, said a senior Pakistani official, was issued his first visa in October 2009, for a period of three months. Subsequently, he was granted two extensions in Islamabad. "When visas are processed in Islamabad, they are vetted by the Foreign Office, the ISI, and the Ministry of Interior," says a senior official. "Of course they knew who he was."
The current negotiations over Davis's fate, says a senior Pakistani official familiar with the discussions, are trying to hammer out an agreement whereby there would be some "face-saving" for the Pakistanis in exchange for the American's release. Initially, the ISI had floated the suggestion that Washington relax its demands that Davis be released under diplomatic immunity and offer compensation to the victims' families. Under Pakistani law, "blood money" is recognized as a means of settling a case of murder. "The two sides are trying to put it back into the box," says the senior official.
At the heart of the dispute is an enduring history of mistrust. The CIA, said a Pakistani official, does not trust the Pakistanis enough to take them at their word. The problem, the official said, is that even if the U.S. were to agree to withdraw all contractors, the ISI would not allow CIA case agents to investigate the activities of groups like LeT. "Pakistanis have to figure out whether we want to look upon the U.S. as an ally or an adversary," said a senior Pakistani official, lamenting the tumultuous nature of the relationship with the U.S.
And, in the background is the future fate of Afghanistan. The army and the ISI, Pakistani officials said, were frustrated with the lack of progress over negotiations toward an endgame settlement there. Pakistan covets a role as the principal interlocutor with militant groups like the Afghan Taliban. Last year, General Kayani hand-delivered a 14-page document outlining Pakistan's view. "The U.S. has said that it understands their concerns," says a western diplomat. "But that's not the same as agreeing with those concerns." By applying pressure over Davis, the Pakistan military hopes to increase its bargaining power.
Toward that end, Zardari aides allege, the ISI is also looking to cut the civilian government down to size and control the relationship with the U.S. The president's aides accuse the ISI of being behind an orchestrated campaign of leaks to the local and international press that have whipped up anti-Americanism and painted the Zardari government as being too weak-kneed before U.S. demands. "They're also sending a message to the U.S.," said a Zardari aide. "They are saying, 'Deal with us, not the civilians.'" Since assuming power, Zardari has been forced to cede ground repeatedly to the powerful generals.
Some officials and analysts believe, however, that the army is in danger of overplaying its hand on this occasion. "This issue, with this [U.S.] Congress, could become really more problematic than anything we've had," says Christine Fair, assistant professor at the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University. "The Pakistanis have been very ungracious about American support. We've been the biggest donors in terms of flood relief. And yet, the Saudis and the Chinese who've donated a fraction of that get all the genuflection."
"There are people in this town," adds Washington-based Fair, "who are simply saying, 'F--- this, let's just call Pakistan the enemy.' They are saying Pakistan is supporting the killing of our troops in Afghanistan, they're supporting the LeT, they call [the rogue Pakistani nuclear scientist] AQ Khan a national hero. The fact that the CIA is coming to this conclusion should be very worrisome for Pakistan. For years, the CIA was the only organization in this town that would defend the Pakistanis."

In Pakistan, U.S. Diplomat's Arrest Related to 2 Deaths Stirs Tensions

...Was Raymond Davis Spying on Pakistan’s Babur Missile?...

UN orders Libya sanctions

Last Modified: 27 Feb 2011 01:24 GMT
The UN Security Council has unanimously imposed sanctions on Libyan regime, ordering an arms embargo against Libya, a travel and assets ban on Muammar Gaddafi and his regime and a crimes against humanity investigation into the Libya bloodshed.

The council made a new demand for an immediate end to attacks on civilians by Gaddafiloyalists which it said had been incited "from the highest level of the Libyan government." The UN says more than 1,000 people have been killed in the unrest.

The travel ban and assets will target the 68-year-old Libyan leader, seven of his sons and daughter Aisha, other family members and top defence and intelligence officials accused of playing a role in the bloodshed.

Sixteen names are on the sanctions list.

The council ordered an immediate halt in arms sales to Libya and referred the civilian attacks to the International Criminal Court because it said the deaths "may amount to crimes against humanity."

The Voice

The Voice 7-12

Nambiar facing calls for ICC investigation

Vijay Nambiar photo Google

By JOSEPH ALLCHIN Published: 25 February 2011 DVB

Acting UN special envoy to Burma, Vijay Nambiar, is facing calls from two Sri Lankan rights group to be included in an investigation into the army’s execution of surrendering Tamil Tiger rebels in 2009.

The charges were submitted to the International Criminal Court (ICC) by the US-based Tamil’s Against Genocide (TAG) and the Swiss Council of Eelam Tamils (SCET). They refer to Nambiar’s time as the UN’s Chief of Staff when he was sent to Colombo to aid negotiations towards an end to the country’s lengthy civil war.

Following instructions from Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa, in May 2009 Nambiar told surrendering Tamil Tigers that they would be safe to cross no-mans land if they hoisted a white flag. “Just walk across to the troops, slowly! With a white flag and comply with instructions carefully. The soldiers are nervous about suicide bombers,” said a text from foreign secretary Palitha Kohona, sent via the Red Cross.

But in what has come to be known as the ‘white flag incident’, all were gunned down in what observers say would be tantamount to a war crime.

Nambiar’s complicity or involvement in the incident, which Rajapaksa later triumphed in, is yet to be fully investigated. Sri Lankan opposition politician and then-chief of the Sri Lankan Army, Sarath Fonseka, claimed in an interview that there was a direct order from then defence secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa to shoot dead the entire leadership of the Tamil Tigers.

Fonseka is now in jail following the claims and his attempt to oppose Mahinda Rajapaksa in the subsequent polls.

The submission by the two groups, TAG and SCET, asks “whether VIJAY NAMBIAR was in fact an innocent neutral intermediary or in fact a co-perpetrator within the negotiation-related community.

It also pours doubt on the efficacy of Nambiar’s presence there, given that his brother, Satish Nambiar, was at the time working as an advisor to the Sri Lankan military, as well as questioning his “subjective knowledge” of the Sri Lankan Army’s “widely (or routinely) adhered to policy of executing surrendering [Tamil] combatants, after generally blindfolding and stripping them naked”.

UN chief Ban Ki-moon has however rejected calls for an inquiry into Nambiar, despite the Chief of Staff’s own assertion in May 2009 that, “As far as the UN is concerned, where there are grave and systematic violations of international humanitarian law [in Sri Lanka], these are things which should be looked at by the international community, by the United Nations.”

This reluctance of senior members of the UN to investigate possible human rights violations will likely concern Burma observers, particularly given that Than Shwe visited Sri Lanka shortly before the incident and is alleged to have offered his Sri Lankan counterpart anti-insurgency “advice”.

Nambiar was in Burma shortly after the elections in November last year to meet with Aung San Suu Kyi and senior members of the junta. to read Nambiar, UN, undermine war crimes investigation on Sri Lanka, Burma ...

Obama signs order to impose sanctions against Libyan officials

Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. Files

07:57 26/02/2011
U.S. President Barack Obama on Friday signed an Executive Order regarding sanctions against Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, his government and family, and sent a letter to Congress on the matter.

"I, Barack Obama, President of the United States of America, find that Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, his government, and close associates have taken extreme measures against the people of Libya, including by using weapons of war, mercenaries, and wanton violence against unarmed civilians," the Executive Order reads.

"I further find that there is a serious risk that Libyan state assets will be misappropriated by Gaddafi, members of his government, members of his family, or his close associates if those assets are not protected," it said. "I hereby declare a national emergency to deal with that threat."

In line with the order, all property and bank accounts of Gaddafi, his government and four relatives are blocked, and a ban is introduced on all banking operations with the Libyan government.

According to international organizations, at least 2,000 people have been killed and thousands wounded in clashes with government forces since protests against Gaddafi's regime began on February 15.

"Additionally, the Secretary of State is suspending all existing licenses and other approvals for the export of defense articles and services to Libya," Obama's letter to Congress reads.

White House spokesman Jay Carney discussed the sanctions earlier on Friday.

"Consistent with the president's tasking to the government to prepare options to hold the Libyan government accountable for its violation of human rights, we have decided to move forward with unilateral sanctions," he said.

The UN Security Council may adopt sanctions against Libya aimed at stopping the bloodshed in the country on Saturday, Ambassador Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti of Brazil, which holds the monthly presidency of the 15-member body for February, said Friday.

The Council agreed to meet Saturday to urgently consider a draft resolution, "including specific targeted measures aimed at putting an end to violence, helping achieve a peaceful solution to the current crisis, ensuring accountability and respecting the will of the Libyan people," Viotti told journalists.

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called on the Security Council on Friday to promptly consider specific steps against Gaddafi's government for its clampdown on protesters, with options ranging from sanctions to assured punishment.

WASHINGTON, February 26 (RIA Novosti)

Friday, February 25, 2011

UN concern over 'military angle to Iran nuclear plan'

25 February 2011 Last updated at 13:35 ET BBC News

The UN's nuclear watchdog says it has received new information on "possible military dimensions" to Iran's nuclear development programme.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said the report raised "further concerns" about Iran's activities.

It urged Tehran to co-operate fully with its investigations in alleged weapons experiments, saying it had not done since 2008.

Iran insists its nuclear programme is entirely peaceful.

The IAEA report was obtained by the BBC and made available online by the Institute for Science and International Security (Isis).

It says Iran is "not implementing a number of its obligations including clarification of the remaining outstanding issues which give rise to concerns about possible military dimensions to its nuclear programme".

The country was also "not providing the necessary co-operation to enable the Agency to provide credible assurance about the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities in Iran, and therefore to conclude that all nuclear material in Iran is in peaceful activities".

"Based on the agency's analysis of additional information since August 2008, including new information recently received, there are further concerns which the agency also needs to clarify with Iran," says the report.

Among those concerns were that Iran was not engaging with the IAEA on allegations that it was developing a nuclear payload for its missiles.

Six world powers are negotiating with Iran over its nuclear programme, and the country is subject to United Nations Security Council sanctions over its refusal to halt uranium enrichment.

Enriched uranium can be used for civilian nuclear purposes, but also to build atomic bombs.

The UN has imposed four sets of sanctions on Iran over the years.

While these have made it more difficult for Iran to acquire equipment, technology and finance to support its nuclear activities, they have not stopped trading in oil and gas - the major sources of Iran's income.

...Read IAEA full Report...

Iran nuclear plant suffers setback

Tehran announces plans to remove fuel rods from Bushehr reactor while it carries out "technical work". more...

အေရွ႕အလယ္ပိုင္းေဒသ အံုႂကြမႈနဲ႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ အေျခအေန ေဒၚစု ႏိႈင္းယွဥ္သံုးသပ္

Aung San Suu Kyi Photo: REUTERS

ၾကာသပေတး, 24 ေဖေဖာ္ဝါရီ 2011 By Luke Hunt's Report in Burmese

အေရွ႕အလယ္ပုိင္းနဲ႔ အာဖရိက ေျမာက္ပုိင္းမွာ လူထုဆႏၵျပမႈေတြကုိ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံက လူထုေတြကလည္း နီးနီးကပ္ကပ္ ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ေနၾကတယ္လို႔ ႏုိဘယ္လ္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးဆုရွင္ ျမန္မာ့ဒီမုိကေရစီ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္က ေျပာပါတယ္။ အီဂ်စ္နဲ႔ တူနီးရွား ႏုိင္ငံေတြမွာ အနည္းနဲ႔အမ်ား ဆုိသလုိ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းတယ္လို႔ ဆုိရမယ့္ ဆႏၵျပမႈေတြကတဆင့္ အစုိးရေတြကုိ ျဖဳတ္ခ်ႏုိင္ခဲ့တာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒီအေၾကာင္းနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး ဗြီအိုေအ သတင္းေထာက္ လုခ္ ဟန္႔တ္ (Luke Hunt) မေလးရွားႏုိင္ငံ ကြာလာလမ္ပူၿမိဳ႕ကေန သတင္းေပးပုိ႔ထားတာကုိ ေဒၚလွလွသန္းက တင္ျပေပးထားပါတယ္။

အခုတေလာ ႏုိင္ငံတကာ သတင္းေတြမွာ ထိပ္ကေျပးေနတဲ့ အေရွ႕အလယ္ပုိင္းနဲ႔ အာဖရိက ေျမာက္ပုိင္းရွိ ဒီမုိကေရစီေရး လႈပ္ရွား ဆႏၵျပမႈေတြကို ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံသားေတြ အေနနဲ႔ လက္လွမ္းေ၀းေအာင္ ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရက ႏုိင္ငံတြင္းမွာ ဟန္႔တားဖုိ႔ ႀကိဳးစားေပမဲ့လည္း သိပ္ေအာင္ျမင္မႈ မရရွိတာ ေတြ႕ရတယ္လို႔ ျမန္မာ့ဒီမုိကေရစီ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္က ေျပာခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ရန္ကုန္ကေန တယ္လီဖုန္းကတဆင့္ ကြာလာလမ္ပူရွိ ႏုိင္ငံျခား သတင္းေထာက္ေတြနဲ႔ ဆက္သြယ္ ေမးျမန္းခန္းမွာ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္က အခုလို ေျပာၾကားလိုက္တာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

တူနီးရွားနဲ႔ အီဂ်စ္မွာ အစုိးရေတြကို ျဖဳတ္ခ်ႏုိင္ခဲ့တဲ့ ဆႏၵျပမႈေတြအျပင္ လစ္ဗ်ားေခါင္းေဆာင္ မုိမာ ကဒါဖီ (Moammar Gadhafi) ကို ေထာက္ခံသူေတြနဲ႔ အစုိးရ ဆန္႔က်င္သူေတြၾကား ထိပ္တုိက္ ရင္ဆုိင္မႈေတြကို ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံသားေတြ အေနနဲ႔ နီးနီးကပ္ကပ္ ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ေနၾကတာ ျဖစ္တယ္လို႔ အသက္ ၆၅ ႏွစ္အရြယ္ ႏုိဘယ္လ္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးဆုရွင္က ေျပာပါတယ္။

“ျမန္မာျပည္သူလူထုက ၁၉၈၈ ခုႏွစ္မွာ ျဖစ္ပ်က္ခဲ့တဲ့ ျဖစ္ရပ္ေတြနဲ႔ ယွဥ္ၾကည့္ၾကရာမွာ တူနီးရွားနဲ႔ အီဂ်စ္မွာ စစ္တပ္က သူတုိ႔ ျပည္သူေတြအေပၚ ပစ္ခတ္ခဲ့ျခင္း မျပဳတဲ့ အခ်က္ကို သတိထားမိၾကသလို လစ္ဗ်ားႏုိင္ငံမွာေတာ့ အေျခအေနက အဲဒီလို မဟုတ္ဘူး ဆိုတာကိုလည္း သတိထားမိၾကပါတယ္။ တူနီးရွားနဲ႔ အီဂ်စ္ႏုိင္ငံထက္စာရင္ လစ္ဗ်ားမွာ အေျခအေနက ပုိ႐ႈပ္ေထြး၊ ပိုဆုိး၀ါးတာကို ျမင္ရပါတယ္။ အထူးသျဖင့္ အီဂ်စ္ႏုိင္ငံမွာ အာဏာရွင္ကို ျဖဳတ္ခ်ႏုိင္ခဲ့တဲ့အတြက္ လူေတြက သိပ္ကို သေဘာက်ၿပီး စိတ္၀င္တစားနဲ႔ အေျခအေနေတြကို ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ေနၾကတာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။”

ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံမွာ ရွစ္ေလးလုံး အေရးေတာ္ပုံလို႔ ေခၚတဲ့ ၁၉၈၈ ခုႏွစ္က ေက်ာင္းသားေတြ ဦးေဆာင္တဲ့ ဒီမုိကေရစီေရး လုိလား ဆႏၵျပမႈေတြကို ျမန္မာစစ္တပ္က ေသြးထြက္သံယုိ ႏွိမ္နင္းခဲ့တာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒါ့အျပင္ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ရဲ႕ အမ်ဳိးသား ဒီမုိကေရစီ အဖြဲ႕ခ်ဳပ္ ပါတီဟာ ၁၉၉၀ ခုႏွစ္ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲမွာ အျပတ္အသတ္ အႏုိင္ရရွိခဲ့ေပမဲ့လည္း ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရက အာဏာလႊဲေျပာင္းေပးဖုိ႔ ျငင္းဆိုခဲ့ပါတယ္။

ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ အေနနဲ႔ကေတာ့ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ ဒီမိုကေရစီ ရရွိေရး ႀကိဳးပမ္းမႈအတြက္ ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့ ႏွစ္ ၂၀ ေက်ာ္အတြင္း စုစုေပါင္း ၃ ႀကိမ္တုိင္ေအာင္ ၁၅ ႏွစ္နီးပါး ေနအိမ္အက်ယ္ခ်ဳပ္ က်ခံေနရတာလည္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ သူမကို ၂၀၁၀ ႏုိ၀င္ဘာလ ၇ ရက္ေန႔ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲမ်ား က်င္းပအၿပီး ႏုိ၀င္ဘာလ ၁၃ ရက္ေန႔က ျပန္လႊတ္ေပးလုိက္တာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ အဲဒီ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲမ်ားဟာ ဒီမိုကေရစီနည္း မက်ဘဲ ျမန္မာစစ္ေခါင္းေဆာင္ အာဏာတည္ၿမဲေရးအတြက္ ပိုၿပီး အေျခခုိင္ေစတယ္လို႔ ႏုိင္ငံတကာက ေ၀ဖန္ခဲ့တာလည္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ျမန္မာစစ္အစိုးရ အဆက္ဆက္က ႏွစ္ ၄၀ ေက်ာ္ အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္မႈအတြင္းမွာ ႏုိင္ငံေရး၊ စီးပြားေရးနဲ႔ လူမႈေရး ျပႆနာ ေပါင္းစုံတုိ႔ေၾကာင့္ လူထုက လမ္းမေတြေပၚမွာ ထြက္ၿပီး ဆႏၵျပမႈေတြ ရွိခဲ့ရာမွာ ၂၀၀၇ ခုႏွစ္ ေရႊ၀ါေရာင္ ေတာ္လွန္ေရး အတြင္းလည္း ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ ေမတၱာပုိ႔ လွည့္လည္ ဆႏၵျပခဲ့ၾကတဲ့ သံဃာေတာ္မ်ားကိုလည္း ျမန္မာစစ္တပ္က ရက္ရက္စက္စက္ ႐ုိက္ႏွက္ ပစ္ခတ္ ဖမ္းဆီး ေထာင္ခ်ခဲ့တာေတြ ရွိခဲ့ပါတယ္။

အီဂ်စ္နဲ႔ တူနီးရွားရွိ အာဏာရွင္ အစိုးရေတြေအာက္မွာ ေနထုိင္ၾကရသူေတြနဲ႔ အတိဒုကၡေရာက္ေနတဲ့ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံသားေတြၾကား အေတြ႕အႀကဳံ ကြာျခားမႈကေတာ့ ျမန္မာစစ္တပ္က ျပည္သူေတြအေပၚ ရက္ရက္စက္စက္ ပစ္ခတ္မႈနဲ႔ လစ္ဗ်ားမွာေတာ့ ျပည္သူေတြအေပၚ ႏွိမ္နင္းရာမွာ စစ္တပ္အေနနဲ႔ စိတ္၀မ္းကြဲမႈ ရွိတဲ့အခ်က္ ျဖစ္တယ္လို႔လည္း ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္က အခုလို ေထာက္ျပခဲ့ပါတယ္။

“သိတဲ့အတုိင္းပါပဲ၊ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံမွာလည္း ျပည္သူလူထုက ဆႏၵျပ ေတာင္းဆုိခဲ့ၾကပါတယ္။ အဲဒီ ဆႏၵျပမႈေတြ အတြင္းမွာ စစ္တပ္က ျပည္သူလူထုကုိ ပစ္ခတ္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဒါဟာ အဓိက ကြာျခားခ်က္ပဲလုိ႔ က်မ ထင္ပါတယ္။ လစ္ဗ်ားႏုိင္ငံက အေျခအေနကေတာ့ စစ္တပ္ကုိယ္တုိင္က အေျခအေနကို ဘယ္လုိကုိင္တြယ္ ေျဖရွင္းရမလဲ ဆုိတာနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး စိတ္၀မ္းကြဲေနၾကပုံ ရပါတယ္။ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံမွာေတာ့ စစ္တပ္ရဲ႕ မူ၀ါဒ ေပၚလစီေတြနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး သိသာထင္ရွားတဲ့ စိတ္၀မ္းကြဲမႈေတြ မရွိဘူးလို႔ က်မ ယူဆပါတယ္။”

ဒါေပမဲ့ အီဂ်စ္၊ တူနီးရွား၊ လစ္ဗ်ား အစရွိတဲ့ ႏုိင္ငံေတြမွာ ဒီမုိကေရစီေရး ေတာင္းဆုိ ဆႏၵျပမႈေတြကို ေအာင္ေအာင္ျမင္ျမင္ စည္း႐ုံးႏုိင္ခဲ့ၿပီး အစုိးရရဲ႕ ၾကား၀င္ စြက္ဖက္မႈကို ေရွာင္ႏုိင္ခဲ့တဲ့ ၂၁ ရာစုရဲ႕ သိပၸံနည္းပညာ တုိးတက္မႈကုိေတာ့ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ အေနနဲ႔ ေရွာင္လႊဲလို႔ ရႏုိင္မွာ မဟုတ္ဘူးလုိ႔လည္း ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္က ေျပာခဲ့ပါတယ္။

ဒါေၾကာင့္လည္း Facebook နဲ႔ Twitter တုိ႔လုိ အင္တာနက္ ကြန္ရက္ေတြကတဆင့္ ဆက္သြယ္ႏုိင္ဖုိ႔လည္း အစီအစဥ္ရွိၿပီး အခုလို ျပည္တြင္းေရာ ျပည္ပကပါ ႀကိဳးပမ္း အားထုတ္မႈေတြေၾကာင့္ အမ်ဳိးသား ျပန္လည္ ရင္ၾကားေစ့ေရး ေဆြးေႏြးပြဲဆီကုိ ျမန္မာအစုိးရ အေနနဲ႔ ေရာက္လာေအာင္ ဖိအားေပးႏုိင္လိမ့္မယ္လို႔လည္း သူ႔အေနနဲ႔ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္တဲ့အေၾကာင္း ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္က ေျပာခဲ့ပါတယ္။

Thursday, February 24, 2011

Why Haven't the Burmese Joined the Recent Wave of Pro-Democracy Protests?

Russ Wellen Editor of Focal Points, the Foreign Policy in Focus blog
Posted: February 23, 2011 07:59 AM

At Dictator Watch, Roland Watson asks, "Why Are There No Protests in Burma?"

Thus far Burma's military dictatorship has been immune to the uprisings to which the world has been witness to -- or engaged in -- elsewhere. Perhaps that's because Burma comes in a close second to North Korea as the most merciless administration in the world. You think Bahrain and Libya have been barbaric in their responses to protests? One shudders to think how North Korea (where, actually, an opposition movement is unimaginable) and Burma's ruling junta would react. Watson, though, sees a ray of hope.

He begins by citing all the nations where mass protests have been mounted and criticizing the United States both for supporting rulers such as Mubarak and failing to switch their support to the protesters in timely fashion. He then writes that

. . . the generals of the SPDC military junta . . . are among the most repressive in the world [including] ethnic cleansing . . . committed against minority groups. The theft of Burma's natural resources by the junta, its cronies, and their international partners, is also so severe that it is in the first tier, financially, of worldwide corruption. It is therefore a surprise that there have not been any demonstrations in the country.

. . . As a long-time Burma analyst and activist, I personally do not understand the popular inaction. Obviously, there is fear and a multitude of other factors. But still, one would expect some sort of response.

At first glance, sounds suicidal. Watson explains.

The crackdown on the Saffron [monks] Uprising in 2007 only occurred after the junta was able to bring troops from border areas to Rangoon. The local commanders did not want to fire on the protestors. It has also been revealed that some leading generals opposed the crackdown.

There is significant dissent and factionalism within the junta. Really, everyone
is positioning for power in advance of the demise of the top general . . . Than Shwe.

In fact

There is good reason to believe that the regime's response to renewed demonstrations would be muted, particularly in light of the precedent set by the Egyptian military.

Bear in mind that Watson wrote that before Gaddafi's brutal suppression in Libya. He presents another reason, though, that the junta's reaction to new protests might not be as harsh as we've come to expect from it.

In addition, a new crackdown would end the hesitancy to launch war crimes prosecution against the SPDC.

Perhaps more to the point, Watson suggests that a crackdown by the junta could meet with an armed resistance that was absent in previous protests.

Right now, the resistance groups in Burma are working to establish a federal army. The generals have already exhibited an inability to move against them singly. As a coordinated front, [the resistance groups] will become much more powerful.

As for specific tactics, he recommends that this time

. . . the Burmese should avoid marches. As the protestors in Egypt illustrated, it is better to choose a central location, with many access points and surrounded by buildings for video documentation to rally. In Rangoon, one such area is Bandoola Park/Square.

The generals can hide in Naypyidaw [the new capital], but their rule will be a sham once the people of Burma control Rangoon [the old capital]. There will then be a coup against Than Shwe, or he and his family will flee to China or Singapore. The people of Burma will be through with the likes of [them]! . . . Democracy has a cost as the adage says "No Pain, no Gain". The secret is to know when to spend it. That time is now.

For her part, Aung San Suu Kyi has offered cautious support for the Egypt protests, while telling the Toronto Globe and Mail that she'd like to link up with pro-democracy activists via Facebook and Twitter. "I think we need to -- what do you call it -- raise the megabyte?"Meanwhile in a piece for Irrawaddy, The Dictator's Survival Guide, the Burmese exile publication's managing editor Kya Zwa Moe ponders why the junta has lasted for almost 50 years.

What are some of the secrets to a dictator's survival? Here are some that Than Shwe and the Burmese generals have practiced:
-- Crush all protests as soon as possible
-- Consolidate all security forces, especially the military, under one command
-- Apply divide and rule techniques among dissidents and the public
-- Show no sympathy toward any dissent (as Tunisian leader Ben Ali did for the street vendor.)
-- Never negotiate with opponents
-- Pay no attention to pressure or suggestions from the international community
Than Shwe has applied these techniques since taking power and they are still working well for him. His recent formation of a "civilian government," following the convening of a "civilian parliament," appears to be his attempt to plant his seed of power in Burma and watch it grow even from beyond the grave.

If you think that Burma sounds like a horror movie, you're right. Perhaps, though, should mass protests re-occur there, the urge to keep from jeopardizing its developmental and commercial deals with China and India would be enough to keep the junta from responding to mass protests with killings, torture, and imprisonment as it has in the past.

First posted at the Foreign Policy in Focus blog Focal Points.

An earlier version of this post incorrectly stated the name of the author of "Why Are There No Protests in Burma?". This has been corrected.

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US talks with Myanmar's Suu Kyi about aid

February 23, 2011

(AP) YANGON, Myanmar (AP) — The top U.S. diplomat in Myanmar said Wednesday he has begun talking with pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi about what sort of aid Washington should offer the military-dominated nation.

Charge d'Affaires Larry M. Dinger said the U.S. is also talking to the government and others about the issue, which hinges around long-standing sanctions Washington has applied because of human rights abuses by the country's junta and its failure to institute democracy.

Parliamentary rule was nominally restored last month, but a new civilian government has yet to be officially installed. The constitution and last year's elections were organized under the guidance of the military to preserve its influence.

Dinger said he began talks with Suu Kyi on Tuesday aimed at helping formulate U.S. policy toward Myanmar. Washington's relations with Myanmar have been strained since the military crushed pro-democracy demonstrations in 1988, and the U.S. still refers to the country by its old name, Burma, which was changed by the junta. It also demonstrates its disapproval of the government by not posting a full ambassador in the country.

Han Tha, an executive member of Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy party, confirmed that Suu Kyi had talked with Dinger for 1 1/2 hours at his residence, but declined to reveal the details of the talks.

The Obama administration has been exploring ways of engaging with the government, while Suu Kyi's party has cautioned against lifting sanctions too quickly.

Suu Kyi's party earlier this month broadly endorsed retaining international sanctions against Myanmar. However, it also called for discussions with the United States, the European Union, Canada and Australia on when and how sanctions might be modified in the interests of democracy, human rights and the economy.

In response, a commentary in a state newspaper warned that Suu Kyi and her party would meet "tragic ends" if they move against recent political reforms and criticized her for failing to end her support of sanctions.

Myanmar's state-dominated press had avoided its usual harsh criticism of Suu Kyi since she was freed shortly after the November elections, which were touted by the ruling junta as bringing democracy. The U.S. has called the balloting "fatally flawed."

State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley said the commentary suggested that if Suu Kyi proceeds with plans to reconstitute her party, "she could be in some danger." He said the commentary was of "great concern" because it was published in a state-run newspaper, "so one would assume there's actually something behind this."

© 2011 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

British court to extradite Assange to Sweden

Judge approves Assange extradition Last Modified: 24 Feb 2011 14:22 GMT

London court rules in favour of extraditing WikiLeaks founder to Sweden, but his lawyers say they will appeal.

An English court has ordered Julian Assange, the founder of whistle blowing website WikiLeaks, to be extradited to Sweden over sex crimes claims.

Howard Riddle, the judge at Belmarsh Magistrate's court in London, said on Thursday that the allegations of rape and sexual molestation brought by two women were extraditable offences and that a Swedish arrest warrant was properly issued.

Lawyers for the 39-year-old Australian said they would be contesting the decision, having previously argued that Assange would not be given a fair trial in Sweden and could face extradition to the United States.

Mark Stephens, representing Assange, said his team remained optimistic about "opportunities on appeal" and said he was hopefuly that the matter would be resolved in Britain.

Assange could ultimately seek appeal at the European Court of Human Rights, Tim Friend, Al Jazeera's correspondent at the court, said.

'Electronic house arrest'

The website founder now has to find more bail to make sure he does not abscond, and is likely to have to continue to wear an electronic tagging device, which his lawyer says is a contravention of his rights.

Speaking after the ruling, Assange reiterated his innocence and criticised the conditions imposed on him.

"Why is it that I am subject to a $360,000 bail? Why is it that i am kept under electronic house arrest when i have not even been charged in any country and i have never been a fugitive"

"On February 20 the US ambassador to the UK told the BBC that the US, in relation to its ongoing investigations and attempts to charge me with espionage, would have to see what happened here today.

"Why is that? What does the United States have to do with a Swedish extradition process?"

Assange's mother has described the court order for his extradition as "political and legal gang rape", the Australian Associated Press reported.

"The greatest fear I have is that the Western world in its effort to shut up someone who's telling the truth to the people of their countries will breach every piece of legislation in order to get him and will co-operate across borders to do so," Christine Assange said.

Assange has previously said that the claims against him, which he denies, are politically motivated and attempts to smear him and his website.

But in Sweden, Claes Borgstrom, the lawyer representing the two women making the claims, said it was a shame the decision had taken so long.

"[Assange] will probably appeal this decision for some reason that is hard to understand. He claims that he hasn't committed a crime so he should just come here and sort it out," he said.

Bjorn Hurtig, Assange's Swedish lawyer, told the AP news agency that the Australian had "great chances of being freed" in Sweden.

"And I'll be waiting for him, ready to fight for him tooth and nail," he said.

Fears of US extradition

Swedish prosecutors issued an international arrest warrant for Assange last year for questioning over allegations of sexual misconduct, which he flatly denies.

Two women have made claims against him, one alleging that he sexually molested her for refusing to wear a condom, and the other that he had sex with her while she was asleep.

Assange's legal team argued during three days of hearings earlier this month, that the Swedish prosecutor had no power to issue a European arrest warrant, and that the charges did not amount to extradition offences.

But lawyers representing Sweden said the warrant complied with legal requirements, and dismissed suggestions that Assange could be extradited to the US, saying Britain would have to give its consent.

Assange has been in the public spotlight since his website WikiLeaks began releasing secret US military and diplomatic files.

His lawyers have argued that he would not face a fair trial in Sweden, with rape cases often held behind closed doors, and that if eventually extradited to the US, he could be sent to Guantanamo Bay or even face the death penalty.

However Riddle on Thursday said it was wrong for the defence to raise the question of a possible extradition to the US or to imprisonment in Guantanamo Bay given the absence of any evidence that Assange risks torture or execution.

Plane with Gaddafi's daughter onboard denied landing in Malta

A Libyan plane believed to be carrying Aisha Gaddafi, the embattled Libyan leader's daughter, was denied permission to land in Malta, local media said on Wednesday.

The Arab Airlines ATR 42 turbo-prop aircraft flew to Malta without prior notice. The pilot gave details about the flight which was due to land at Malta International Airport on Tuesday, the Times of Malta said.

The plane was denied permission to land and headed back to Libya after having circled for some 20 minutes trying to reverse the decision.

The report said Maltese soldiers were seen entering the airport when the aircraft approached.

It is believed that the plane was carrying 14 passengers, including the daughter of Muammar Gaddafi. The information has not been officially confirmed by the government.

On Monday, two Libyan Air Force Mirage F-1 jet fighters flew to Malta. The pilots sought political asylum, claiming they escaped after having been ordered to bomb protesters in Benghazi. The aircraft had air-to-ground rockets onboard.

According to international organizations, 640 people have been killed and up to 4,000 wounded in clashes with government forces in Libya since protests against Gaddafi's regime began on February 15.

MOSCOW, February 23 (RIA Novosti)

Relatives fleeing?

Wednesday's reports of attempted landing on Malta fueled speculation over whether family members of Gaddafi sought to flee.

The attempted landing came a day after a private Libyan jet carrying the Lebanese wife of one of Gaddafi's sons was prevented from landing at Beirut airport in Lebanon, the Voice of Lebanon radio reported on Wednesday.

It said Hannibal Gaddafi's wife and several members of the Libyan ruling family were aboard the jet that was denied permission to land at Rafik Hariri international airport on Tuesday.

Several Libyan regime figures could have been among the plane's passengers, the radio station said.

Lebanon's Safir daily said that the plane was due to take off from the Libyan capital before midnight but Lebanese authorities asked Libya to unveil the identity of the 10 people on board before allowing the jet to land.

When the Libyans ignored the Lebanese request, authorities in Beirut ordered airport officials to ask the pilot to divert the plane to a nearby country, either Syria or Cyprus.

Wednesday, February 23, 2011

United Nationalities Federal Council - Union Of Burma

Myanmar opposition leader has a few words for China

By NBC New’ contributor*

When I told my mom I was going to Myanmar, her response was: “Myanmar? A lot of drugs there, right? Be careful!”
I wouldn’t call my mom ignorant. Most Chinese people know very little about their neighboring country, despite the long 1,242 mile border shared by northeast Myanmar and China’s Yunnan province. Chinese media doesn’t report much information on the country except occasional news stories on energy cooperation, the soon-to-be-built high-speed railway connecting Kunming (Yunnan province’s capital) and Yangon, (Myanmar’s largest city), the drug war skirmishes near the border area and about Burmese girls who are smuggled into China.
As the leader of the opposition National League for Democracy and a persistent champion for democracy and human rights, Aung San Suu Kyi is not frequently mentioned in Chinese media.
Which made me all the more curious to meet her when NBC News recently had the chance to interview her after her release from seven years under house arrest.
Given the fact that Myanmar’s military rulers appear to be taking a hardline against Sui Kyi and her opposition party just three months after her release in November, we were probably lucky that we interviewed her when we got the chance. Myanmar’s rulers recently said that she and her party could meet “tragic ends” if they continue to support international economic and political sanctions against the country.
What struck me most was that despite being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 for “her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights” and still being revered by many Burmese for being a voice of freedom in repressive Myanmar, she spoke with us like she was just a next-door neighbor.

.read more........


Gripen fighter jet pilots are given a warmwelcome after the Swedish-made aircraft landed at Wing 7 base in Surat Thani. The air force is buying 12 fighters worthnearly40billion bahtto replaceageing F-5A/B aircraft. The first six jets arrived yesterday. SURAPOL PROMSAKANA



6 Gripen jets land, await official handover

Published: 23/02/2011 at 12:00 AM Bangkok Post

Six Gripen jet fighters have landed in Surat Thani where they will wait to be officially handed over by the Swedish manufacturer.

The fighters, flown by Swedish pilots, made a smooth touchdown on the runway of the Wing 7 air force base about 7.30pm yesterday after leaving Sweden on Feb 18 and stopping over in Hungary, Greece, Egypt and India en route to Thailand.

They are the first batch of 12 Gripen 39 C/D jet fighters that will replace the ageing F-5A/B jets. They will become the pride of the air force which was allocated almost 40 billion baht to acquire the state-of-the-art planes.

Air force commander Itthaporn Subhawong, who earlier said he wanted to conduct test flights of the planes, led executives of Gripen manufacturer, Saab, to welcome the six jets in Surat Thani yesterday.

Two air force pilots who have undergone training on the Gripens in Sweden flew with the six jets. However, they took the back seat in the planes commanded by Swedish pilots because the jets technically still belong to Sweden.

The jets will be inspected and officially handed over to the air force next month.

Thailand is the first country in Asean to own Gripen jets, said Gp Capt Putthipong Phonchiwin, who completed Gripen training and returned home earlier.

He said his experience with the fighter was unforgettable.

"The Gripen is very cool indeed. For me, it's the number one fighter," he said.

"It's different from the F5 jet I've flown before. It's like a sedan and a sports car. Thailand is the only country in Asean to operate the Gripen."

The jet can also be fitted with weapons which are now used on the US-made F16 jets, Gp Capt Putthipong said.

The air force is sending 10 more pilots to train on the aircraft as the other six jets are due to arrive in Thailand next year. Gp Capt Putthipong said F5 and F16 pilots were extremely keen to become Gripen pilots.


By: Claude Moniquet ESISC Briefings



The ongoing events in Libya are not similar to those which happened in Tunisia in January and in Egypt a few weeks ago. Much more than a search of liberty and democracy – which were never experienced in Libyan history, main factors of the uprising are, here, Islamism and Tribalism.

1) The nature of the Libyan Jamahiriya

Since forty years – he overthrew King Idriss in 1969 with some other officers – has established a kind of “pan-Arabic Islamic socialism” and, despite the fact that he proclaimed that he was not looking for a the power and that, with the Jamahiriya (“a neologism for “mass-state”) all the power was actually in the hands of the people, he rules Libya as his personal property, after having eliminated one by one, most all his comrades of the Revolution.

Undoubtedly, Jamahiriya is everything but democratic. Libya is a cruel state with a terrifying record on human rights and civil liberties. Only the fact that the country has enormous gas and oil reserves and that Gaddafi renounced to a WMD program (which was absolutely impossible to achieve given the lack of scientists, skilled engineers and technicians and the isolation of Libya….) explains that he was able to reintegrate the “international community” by the beginning of the 2000’s.

Highly motivated by this success, Colonel Gaddafi never understood that his country needed modernization and reforms and continued his erratic policy, alternatively sending signals of openness and destroying all independent thinking.

Even his son, Seif al-Islam, more moderate and having a better understanding of the world and the needs of the Libyan society was unable to convince him that the time of change has come.

Very likely, the Libyan young people were watching very closely what was happening those last two months in two neighbouring countries, Tunisia and Egypt, and they were desperate by the political autism of the regime.

2) The importance of Islamism and tribalism

But two factors played an enormous role in the beginning of the Libyan “revolution”: Islamism and tribalism.

2.a. Islamism

Due to the fact that Libyan “socialism” claims to be largely based on the Quran, Islamism is deeply rooted in the Libyan policy. In the seventies, Islamic clerics helped Gaddafi to legitimize his power, but in the eighties, he began to defend unorthodox views and to distance himself from the literal and classical Sunni interpretation of the texts.

Having sidelined the Ulemas and take control of the mosques, Gaddafi faced some troubles with the Muslim Brotherhood and, in the mid-nineties a real Islamist insurrection took place: Libyan “afghans “organized their own network and vowed to overthrow the regime. Dozens of Islamists were arrested in 1994, but in 1995, the militants were well organized and launched a deadly offensive against the Jamahiriya, attacking prisons and security officers and even plotting to guide the supreme Leader[1]. In September 1995, Benghazi and other eastern cities were the theatre of an open uprising which let dozens killed on both side and a new organisation, the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group ( LIFG, Al-Jama’a al-Islamiyyah al-Muqatilah fii-Libya) declared the regime “apostate”.

In the summer of 1996, all the eastern part of the country was closed to foreigners and army confronted heavy armed LIFG militants. In 1996 and 1997, using ground and air forces, gas and napalm, the regime took the control back but the hundreds if not thousands of LIFG militants and civilians were killed.

The LIFG leaders who survived and avoided capture leaved the country and most of them joined al-Qaeda in Afghanistan, like Abu Annas al-Libi, one of the planners of the 1998 bombing of the U.S. embassies in Dar-es-Salam and Nairobi.

The fact that the revolt began, a few days ago, in the same eastern areas as in 1996, and in the same cities (Benghazi, al-Bayda etc.) is not an accident and several sources told ESISC, this week-end that known Islamists militants are heading the uprising in the East.

On February 21, a group of religious scholars said “it is a religious duty to revolt against Muammar Gaddafi”.

2.b Tribalism

The second “problem” of the regime, today, is tribalism.

Libya is a tribal society and Gaddafi was ever cautious to balance the influence of rival tribes in the high administration and in the army and the security services.

But the bloody repression of the five last days has revolted most of the “elders” of prominent tribes, not only in the East. Sunday, Muammar al-Qaddafi met some of those elders to “listen to their demands”[2] and negotiate.

But it is maybe too late: the regime, deeply shaken by the crisis and the dissensions between tribes seems to be crumbling.

3) The state of the play and the possible evolution

This Monday evening, it is impossible to predict how the crisis will end.

Gaddafi and his followers could yet win the party, but it will be in a bloodbath.

On the other hand, the possibility of the end of Qaddafi is no more a pure hypothesis.

Reports say that all the eastern part of the country is under the control of the rebels and that heavy gunfire are ongoing in the capital. It seems that a part of the army joined the insurgents and it is said tha colonel Qaddafi just ordered the air force to open fire not only on the crows but also on military facilities.

Libyan diplomats are leaving their posts and the Libyan mission to the UN just asked for an “international intervention”.

Given the history of the regime, the old accounts to settle and the savagery of those last days repression, one thing, at least is quite sure: if Qaddafi falls, it is not democracy which will appear in Libya in the near future but more chaos, tears and blood.

[1]Colonel Gaddafi escaped an assassination attempt in February 1996. Several bodyguards were killed.

[2]Information of Asharq Al-Awsat, based on “sources close to Qaddafi”, February 21.

Libya/Crisis: More army officers defect to opposition

On Tuesday, army officers led by Major General Mehdi El-Arabi Abdelhafid issued a statement in which they called army to launch a march on Tripoli and to support the opposition in ousting "the criminal regime of Gaddafi”.

Such statement was preceded by a series of similar declarations issued over last hours by army officers and is indicative of the fact that a substantial part of the armed forces consider that Gaddafi’s regime will not be able to survive the crisis.

Date:22-02-2011 European Strategic Intelligence and Security Center

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

Hijacked Americans 'killed by captors' off Somalia

22 February 2011 Last updated at 11:42 ET

Four Americans hijacked by Somali pirates off the coast of Oman have been killed by their captors, US defence officials say.

The US military said its forces trailing the vessel had responded to gunfire heard aboard but found all the captives shot when they arrived.

The yacht S/V Quest, hijacked on Friday, was owned and sailed by Scott and Jean Adam of California.

Also killed were two US passengers, Phyllis Mackay and Bob Riggle.
'Shot by captors'

US Central Command said that negotiations were under way between the US Navy and the pirates, when the US forces heard gunfire coming from the Quest about 0600GMT.

US forces boarded the ship without firing a shot, then killed two pirates while they were taking control of the ship. They discovered the four Americans shot. The US Navy sailors attempted to provide first aid but the hostages died, the military said.

"As they responded to the gunfire, reaching and boarding the Quest, the forces discovered all four hostages had been shot by their captors," Gen James Mattis of US Central Command Commander said in a statement.
Continue reading the main story
“Start Quote

As they responded to the gunfire, reaching and boarding the Quest, the forces discovered all four hostages had been shot by their captors”

End Quote Gen James Mattis US Central Command

"We express our deepest condolences for the innocent lives callously lost aboard the Quest," the statement added.

But the BBC's Will Ross in Nairobi says the pirates' telling of the encounter differs from the US Navy's. The pirates report the US warship attacked first, killing two pirates, and the hostages were killed in retaliation.

The incident will provoke further debate on whether the use of force is wise when dealing with Somali pirates who have already taken hostages, our correspondent says.

According to the US military, Navy warships began tracking the hijacked vessel on Friday and were following it toward the Somali coast.

Navy officials told reporters on Tuesday that two pirates had boarded a naval vessel for negotiations when the pirate crew aboard the Quest fired a rocket-propelled grenade at their ship.

The US Navy sailors then heard gunfire aboard the Quest and dispatched a boarding party, which discovered the four Americans' bodies.

The US Navy captured 13 pirates, killed two - one with shots and another with a knife - and found the remains of two other pirates already dead about the vessel, the US military said.

According to the Adams's website, the middle-aged couple set sail in 2002 on the 58-foot vessel, and in 2004 they embarked on a planned eight- to 10-year voyage around the world.

Before their capture, the sailors had crossed the Indian Ocean from Cochin, India, after calling at Phuket, Thailand and Sri Lanka. They hoped to disembark in Djibouti, then cross the Suez Canal before sailing to Crete in April.

Friends have described the Adams as adventure-seekers who were also driven by their Christian faith, at times distributing bibles at ports of call.

Robert Johnston, who taught Scott Adam at Fuller Seminary in California, described the Adams as accomplished sailors.

"They were responsible planners, they knew there was the potential for problems and they tried to take precautions, but obviously something happened," he said before the group were reported killed.

The couple had also stopped updating friends on their location, in an apparent effort to keep their whereabouts secret from pirates.

Pirates currently hold about 30 boats captured off the coast of Somalia, for a total of more than 600 hostage, according to the US Navy.
Pirate attacks

Somalia has had no functioning central government since 1991, allowing piracy to flourish off its coast.

Somali pirates have made millions of dollars in recent years by capturing cargo vessels in the shipping lanes around the Horn of Africa and holding the ships and crew for ransom.

A recent US study found that maritime piracy costs the global economy between $7bn (£4.4bn) and $12bn (£7.6bn) a year.

The US has gained recent experienced prosecuting pirates in civilian courts.

Last week, a Somali man who pleaded guilty to a pirate attack on a US-flagged merchant ship was sentenced to more than 33 years in prison.

Abdiwali Abdiqadir Muse is the only survivor of the crew of pirates who attacked the Maersk Alabama merchant ship off Somalia's coast in April 2009.

He was captured by the US Navy, whose sharpshooters killed three other pirates trying to escape on a lifeboat with the Alabama's American captain.

Operation Burma

ျမန္မာ လူငယ္ တို ့ စစ္အာဏာရွင္ စနစ္ ဖယ္ရွားရန္ စတင္ၿပီ
by Operation Burma on Monday, February 21, 2011 at 11:51pm

FNG၊ ၊ေရႊ၀ါေရာင္ေတာ္လွန္ေရး တြင္ ပါ၀င္ခဲ့သည့္ လူငယ္ ၁၆ ဦးခန္ ့ႏွင့္ မ်ိဳးဆက္ သစ္

လူငယ္ ၂၀ ဦးခန္ ့သည္ ယေန ့ရန္ကုန္ ၿမိဳ ့တြင္ ေတြ ့ဆံုၿပီး စစ္အစိုးရ အား အျမန္ ဆံုးဖယ္ရွား

ႏိုင္ရန္ အတြက္ လူထု တိုက္ ပြဲ ပံုေဖာ္ျခင္း လမ္း ေၾကာင္းမ်ား ကိုေဆြးေႏြး ခဲ့ေၾကာင္း သတင္း


၎ တို ့အဖြဲ ့ ကို သီးျခား အမည္ ေပးထားျခင္း မရွိပဲ လႈိ ့၀ွက္ အမည္ Just Do It ဟု သာ

အမည္ ေပးထား သည္ ဟု Freedom News Group မွ သတင္းရရွိသည္။ Just Do It

အဖြဲ ့သည္ ယေန ့ ျမန္မာ့ လြတ္လပ္ ေရး ေခါင္းေဆာင္ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ ေအာင္ဆန္း ၏ ေမြးေန ့တြင္

ရန္ကုန္ ၿမိဳ ့ ေျမာက္ ဥကၠလာ ပ ၿမိဳ ့နယ္ ဥ္ ေတြ ့ဆံု ခဲ့ျခင္း ျဖစ္ၿပီး စစ္အာဏာရွင္ အစိုးရ အား

ဖယ္ရွား မည့္ ကနဦး လမ္းစဥ္ သံုးရပ္ ကို တညီတညြတ္ တည္း ခ်မွတ္ ႏိုင္ခဲ့သည္ ဟု သတင္း


လိႈ ့၀ွက္ နာမည္ Just Do It အဖြဲ ့မွ တာ၀န္ရွိ သူ တစ္ဦး ျဖစ္သည့္ ကို ခိုင္ၿမဲေအာင္ က ၎တို ့

လက္ရွိ Core Member အုပ္စု တြင္ လတ္တေလာ အမ်ိဳး သား ဒီမို ကေရ စီအဖြဲ ့ခ်ဳပ္မွ ဦးေဆာင္

ဖြဲ ့စည္း သည့္ ကြန္ယက္ လူငယ္ တစ္ဦးမွ မပါဘဲ ႏိုင္ငံေရး အက်ဥ္းသား ေဟာင္း တစ္ဦး ၊

သတင္းေထာက္ တစ္ဦး၊ ကြန္ျပဴတာ ကြ်မ္းက်င္ သူ ၁၆ ဦး ႏွင့္ အျခား ကြ်မ္း က်င္ သူမ်ား ပါ၀င္

သည္ ” ဟု FNG သို ့ေျပာသည္။

ျပည္တြင္း၊ျပည္ပ မည္ သည့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရး အုပ္စု ႏွင့္ မွ မဆက္စပ္သည့္ ထို အဖြဲ ့ အီဂ်စ္

ႏွင့္ တူနီးရွား ႏိုင္ငံမ်ား ဥ္ ဒီမိုကေရစီ ေရး ျပည္သူ လူထု အံုၾကြမႈ ေပၚေပါက္ ခ်ိန္ ဥ္ ၁၀

ရက္ခန္ ့ လႊင့္ တင္ ထား သည့္ ေဖ့ဘြတ္ စာမ်က္ ႏွာ တစ္ခု ဥ္ အေျပာင္းအလဲ လိုလား

သူ အျခား အေယာက္ ႏွစ္ ဆယ္ခန္ ့ကို စည္းရံုး ႏိုင္ခဲ့ျခင္း ျဖစ္သည္။

အီဂ်စ္၊ေဂ်ာ္ဒန္၊တူနီးရွား ေတာ္လွန္ေရး ေအာင္ျမင္မႈမ်ား ကလည္း ျမန္မာ လူငယ္မ်ား ကိုစိတ္ဓာတ္ တက္ၾကြဖြယ္ရာ ျဖစ္

Just Do It အဖြဲ ့သည့္ ျမန္မာ စစ္အစိုးရ အား ဖယ္ရွား ႏိုင္ ေရး အတြက္ ေျခာက္

လအတြင္း လူထု အံုၾကြ မႈ တစ္ခု ေပၚေပါက္ရန္ ယေန ့မွ စ၍ လႈပ္ရွား မႈ စတင္သည္

ဟု သိရသည္။

ထိုအဖြဲ ့တြင္ အသက္ ၁၇ ႏွစ္ အရြယ္ အသက္ အငယ္ဆံုး အဖြဲ ့၀င္ တစ္ဦး ျဖစ္သူ

ကို တြစ္တာ က ” ကၽြန္ေတာ္ ရုပ္သံကေန အီဂ်စ္ နဲ ့တူနီးရွား မွာ ျဖစ္တာေတြ ေန ့

တိုင္းၾကည့္ ျဖစ္တယ္။ ေသခ်ာတာ ကၽြန္ေတာ္တို ့ ကုိယ္တုိင္ လုပ္မွ ဆိုတဲ့ အေျဖ

ထြက္လာတယ္” ” စစ္အာဏာရွင္ ျပဳတ္က် ဖို ့အတြက္ ဆိုရင္ ကၽြန္ေတာ္ တို ့ဟာ

ေခာတ္သစ္ ရဲေဘာ္ သံုးက်ိပ္ ျဖစ္ရမယ္” ဟု ေျပာသည္။

အာရပ္ ႏိုင္ငံ မ်ား ၏ ဒီမိုကေရစီ ေရး အံုၾကြမႈ မ်ား ႏွင့္ ေအာင္ျမင္မႈ မ်ား သည္ ျမန္မာ

လူငယ္မ်ား အေပၚ မ်ားစြာ ရိုက္ခတ္မႈ ရွိၿပီး မတရား ေသာ အစိုးရ မ်ား ၊ ေခါင္းေဆာင္

မ်ားကို ေအာင္ျမင္ စြာ ျဖဳတ္ခ် ႏိုင္ပံု ကို ျမန္မာ လူငယ္မ်ား က အားက်ၾကသည္။

၁၉၈၈ ခုႏွစ္ စက္တင္ဘာလ ၁၈ ရက္ေန ့ဥ္ ႏိုင္ငံ ၏ အာဏာ ကို သိမ္း ပိုက္ ခဲ့သည့္

စစ္တပ္ ၏ စစ္အာဏာရွင္ စနစ္ကို ျပည္တြင္း၊ ျပည္ပ ႏွစ္ဌာန ရွိ မည္ သည့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရး

အဖြဲ ့မွ စြမ္းေဆာင္ ႏိုင္ခဲ့ျခင္း မရွိေသးေခ်၊ to Facebook/Operation Burma...

Two Iranian warships 'enter Suez Canal'

The Alvand is on a training mission, Iran says

22 February 2011 Last updated at 00:41 ET

Two Iranian warships have entered the Suez Canal to make a passage to the Mediterranean Sea, canal officials say.

Iranian officials have said the warships are headed to Syria for training, a mission Israel has described as a "provocation".

"They entered the canal at 0545 (0345 GMT)," Suez Canal officials said.

It is believed to be the first time since Iran's 1979 Islamic Revolution that Iranian warships have passed through the Suez Canal.

Iran's request stated the vessels would have no military equipment, nuclear materials or chemicals on board, the Egyptian defence ministry is quoted as saying.

The ships involved are the frigate Alvand and a supply vessel, the Kharg.

Iran's semi-official Fars news agency reported in January that Iranian navy cadets were going on a year-long training mission through Suez and into the Mediterranean, according to the Reuters news agency.

A Suez Canal official said Egypt could only have denied transit through the strategic waterway in case of war.

Israeli considers Iran a threat because of its controversial nuclear programme, development of ballistic missiles, support for Lebanese and Palestinian militant groups, and promises to destroy Israel.

Last week, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said: "To my regret, the international community is not showing readiness to deal with the recurring Iranian provocations. The international community must understand that Israel cannot forever ignore these provocations."